Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point

Vascular Plants

Plants of Wisconsin


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Natural Communities:
Lakes and ponds

Click on community name for photo gallery.

Ephemeral pond
These ponds are depressions with impeded drainage (usually in forest landscapes), that hold water for a period of time following snowmelt but typically dry out by mid-summer. Common aquatic plants of these habitats include yellow water crowfoot (Ranunculus flabellaris), mermaid weed (Proserpinaca palustris), Canada bluejoint grass (Calamagrostis canadensis), floating manna grass (Glyceria septentrionalis), spotted cowbane (Cicuta maculata), smartweeds scripts(Polygonum spp.), orange jewelweed (Impatiens capensis), and sedges. Ephemeral ponds provide critical breeding habitat for certain invertebrates, as well as for many amphibians such as frogs and salamanders.

Lake-- deep, hard, drainage

Lake-- deep, hard, seepage

Lake--deep, soft, drainage

Lake--deep, soft, seepage

Lake--deep, very soft, seepage

Lake--hard bog



Lake--shallow, hard, drainage

Lake--shallow, hard, seepage

Lake-shallow, soft, seepage

Lake--shallow, very hard drainage (marl)

Lake--shallow-soft, drainage

Lake--soft bog



Spring pond

Offsite resources:
Virginia Kline's collection of the Vegetation of Wisconsin
Michigan Natural Features Inventory Community descriptions

Vascular Plants

Plants of Wisconsin


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