Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Apiaceae: Parsley or Carrot

Aromatic plants with hollow, furrowed stems. Leaves usually compound and/or feathery with stalk sheathing stem. Many 5-parted usually white or yellow, flowers mostly in compound umbels. Petals separate with stamens alternate to the petals.
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Flower Formula:  Sepals 5; Petals 5 Glossary

Genus 
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Angelica
angelica
3 Photo of Angelica White; loose, rounded, compound umbels; stem purplish.
Main leaves 2 or more times pinnately divided, not feathery. Fruit not winged. Moist habitat. Greater than 6 feet.
Images   Information
Cicuta
water-hemlock
2 Photo of Cicuta White; compound umbels, flowers with triangular sepals.
Main leaves more than 2 or 3 times pinnately divided, not feathery. Plant greater than 6 feet tall. Fruit smooth. Wet habitat.
Images   Information
Conium
poison-hemlock
1 Photo of Conium White; compound umbels. Stem purple-spotted.
Main leaves twice pinnately divided, broadly feathery. Plant greater than 6 feet tall. Wet habitat. VERY POISONOUS
Images   Information
Berula
water-parsnip
1 Photo of Berula White; compound umbels.
Main leaves 1 time pinnately divided, toothed, not feathery. Fruit smooth. Aquatic.
Images   Information
Oxypolis
water-dropwort, stiff cowbane
1 Photo of Oxypolis White; compound umbel. 2'-4' tall. Main leaves once pinnately divided into 5 or more leaflets, not feathery. Images   Information
Conioselinum
hemlock-parsley
1 Photo of Conioselinum White; compound umbels.
Main leaves 2 or 3 times pinnately divided, deeply lobed or cut, shiny, broadly feathery. Plant to 5 feet tall. Wet habitat.
Images   Information
Chaerophyllum
chervil
1 Photo of Chaerophyllum White; small compound umbels.
Main leaves twice pinnately divided, not feathery. Fruit not winged. Wet, shady habitat.
Images   Information
Daucus
Queen Anne's-Lace
1 Photo of Daucus White; flat compound umbels - usually with one dark center flower.
Main leaves twice pinnately divided, very feathery. Fruit not winged.
Images   Information
Pimpinella
burnet-saxifrage
1 Photo of Pimpinella White; compound umbels. Leaves lower pinnately divided, toothed; simple above, not feathery. Fruit smooth. Stem filled with pith. Images   Information
Aethusa
fool's-parsley
1 Photo of Aethusa White; compound umbels.
Main leaves 2 or 3 times pinnately divided, thin leaflets. Fruit smooth.
Images   Information
Anthriscus
wild chervil
1 Photo of Anthriscus White; compound umbels.
Main leaves 2 or 3 times pinnately divided, toothed, broadly feathery, slightly fuzzy. Fruit smooth.
Images   Information
Carum
caraway
1 Photo of Carum White; compound unequal umbels.
Main leaves pinnately divided, finely feathery, slightly fuzzy. Fruit smooth.
Images   Information
Aegopodium
gout-weed
1 Photo of Aegopodium Whitish-greenMain leaves 3-parted with white edges. Images   Information
Falcaria
sickle-weed
1 Photo of Falcaria White; compound umbels. Flowers with triangular sepals. Leaves with distinct leaflets more or less the same; 2 or 3 times divided, linear. Fruit smooth. Images   Information
Sanicula
black snakeroot, sanicle
4 Photo of Sanicula Whitish-green; compound uneven umbels; ovate sepals. Stem leaves deeply palmately divided into 3-7 broad, toothed to cut parts, not feathery. Prickly fruit. Shady habitat. Images   Information
Cryptotaenia
honewort, white chervil
1 Photo of Cryptotaenia White, tiny; compound unequal umbels.
Main leaves 3-parted, not feathery, toothed. Woods.
Images   Information
Oenanthe
waterdropwort
1 Photo of Oenanthe White; compound umbels.
Main leaves 2 or 3 times divided, not feathery Fruit not winged, bristly. Moist, shady habitat.
Images   Information
Osmorhiza
sweet-root
3 Photo of Osmorhiza White; compound umbels.
Main leaves 2 or 3 times divided, not feathery Fruit not winged, bristly. Moist, shady habitat.
Images   Information
Torilis
hedge-parsley
1 Photo of Torilis White; compound umbel. Leaves 1 or 2 times compound, almost feathery. Fruit with upcurved prickles. Images   Information
Heracleum
cow-parsnip. hogweed
2 Photo of Heracleum White; flat, compound umbels. Leaves 3-parted or once pinnately divided, more than 4 inches wide. Fruit fuzzy. Damp habitat. Plant to 6.5 feet tall. Images   Information
Sium
water-parsnip
1 Photo of Sium White; compound umbels. Main leaves more than once divided into 5 or more leaflets, not feathery. Wet habitat. Plant greater then 6 feet tall. Images   Information
Erigenia
harbinger-of-spring
1 Photo of Erigenia White to pink; compound umbels.
Leaves twice 3-parted, leaflets more than 1/2 inch wide. Fruit smooth. Plant less than 12 inches tall. Shady habitat.
Images   Information
Eryngium
eryngo
2 Photo of Eryngium White; heads dense balls.
Leaves linear, stiff, sharp.
Images   Information
Hydrocotyle
marsh pennywort
1 Photo of Hydrocotyle White; simple, small umbels. Leaves not divided, rounded. Wet habitat. Plant creeping. Images   Information
Foeniculum
sweet fennel
1 Photo of Foeniculum Yellow; compound umbels. Leaves many times pinnately divided, feathery. Fruit smooth. Plant to 6.5 feet tall. Perennial. Shade. Images   Information
Polytaenia
prairie-parsley
1 Photo of Polytaenia Yellow; compound umbels; ovate sepals. Leaves pinnately divided, not feathery. Very soft hairs on top of leaves. Open habitat. Images   Information
Thaspium
meadow-parsnip
2 Photo of Thaspium Yellow; compound umbels; all flowers stemmed, ovate sepals Lower leaves either undivided or 2-3 times divided. Fruit smooth. Images   Information
Taenidia
yellow-pimpernel
1 Photo of Taenidia Yellow; compound uneven umbels. Leaves divided into distinct leaflet, more or less the same; 2 or 3 times pinnately divided, oval, not toothed. Fruit smooth. Images   Information
Zizia
golden alexanders
2 Photo of Zizia Yellow; compound umbels, center flower stemless, short, triangular sepals. Lower leaves either undivided or 2-3 times divided. Fruit smooth. Images   Information
Anethum
dill
1 Photo of Anethum Yellow; compound umbels.
Main leaves pinnately divided, thread-like leaflets. Fruit smooth.
Images   Information
Pastinaca
wild parsnip
1 Photo of Pastinaca Yellow; compound umbels. Leaves pinnately divided, leaflets divided or toothed, not feathery. Fruit smooth. Plant to greater than 5 feet tall. Images   Information


         
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