Photographer: Robert W. Freckmann
Betula nigra L.
black birch, red birch, river birch
Betula: ancient Latin name
nigra: Latin for "black"
|Plant: ||perennial tree to 80' tall, often several trunks, rounded crown; mature trees with smooth, grayish brown, yellowish, reddish, or creamy white bark irregularly peeling in shaggy pieces with time; dark, horizontal lenticels; twigs with no wintergreen taste or smell|
|Flower: ||blooms in late spring|
|Fruit:||conical to round, erect fruit clusters; scales often remaining into early winter; samara wings narrower than the body and usually widest near the top|
|Leaf:||leaves rhombic-oval, edges coarsely doubly cut to toothed|
|Habitat: ||moist to wet; riverbanks, floodplains|
|Notes: ||often hybirdizes|