Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


  Geocaulon lividum (Richardson) Fernald image
Photographer: Kitty Kohout           

Corey Raimond

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Robert W. Freckmann
Family Santalaceae
Geocaulon lividum (Richardson) Fernald
false toadflax, northern comandra
Geocaulon: Greek geo for earth and caulos for "stem of plant," referring to long slightly subterranean but scarcely modified stems
lividum: lead colored
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Endangered
Plant: erect, perennial, 4"-12" tall forb
Flower: greenish to purple, 5-parted, 1/8" wide, tepals triangular; inflorescence of usually 3 flowers per cyme-like cluster from the upper leaf axils, side flowers often drop leaving only the center one to mature; blooms June-Aug.
Fruit:orange to red, juicy berry
Leaf:elliptical to oval; 1/2"-1 1/2"; tip blunt to rounded
Habitat: wet; bogs, and cold, conifer woods
(Glossary)

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Geocaulon list Google- Images or Text
Synonyms 
Comandra livida Richardson

         
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