Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


Because of technology changes and personnel changes at UWSP and the Wisconsin State Herbarium, the database of plant species housed at this site was merged with the database from the OLD WisFlora website to create a new Flora of Wisconsin website at Currently we are encouraging all Wisplant viewers to begin using the Flora of Wisconsin website as soon as possible. Wisplants will remain operational through July 13th. After that date, all traffic to Wisplants will be redirected to the Flora of Wisconsin website.

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  Celtis occidentalis L. image
Photographer: Kitty Kohout           

Botancial Illustration

Derek Anderson

Dennis W. Woodland

Kenneth J. Sytsma

Paul Drobot

Paul Drobot

Robert R. Kowal
Family Ulmaceae
Celtis occidentalis L.
northern hackberry
Celtis: Greek name for some other tree
occidentalis: Latin for "western"
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Native
Plant: perennial tree with a rounded crown; gray, deeply furrow bark becoming warty with age; no thorns, wood light yellow
Flower: inflorescence of hanging, dense clusters; blooms March-May
Fruit:dark orange berry turning dark purple to black when ripe, pit cream colored
Leaf:lance-like oval to widely oval or triangular, leathery, base widely pointed, edges with 10-40 teeth occurring well past the middle, surface rough
Habitat: moist; streambanks, floodplains, woodlands, in rich soil

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Celtis list Ethnobotany Information Google- Images or Text

Flora of North America (off site)
Celtis canina Raf.
Celtis crassifolia Lam.
Celtis occidentalis L. var. canina (Raf.) Sarg.
Celtis occidentalis L. var. crassifolia (Lam.) A.Gray
Celtis occidentalis L. var. occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis L. var. pumila (Pursh) A.Gray
Celtis pumila Pursh
Celtis pumila Pursh var. deamii Sarg.

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