Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


  Pedicularis canadensis L. subsp. canadensis image
Photographer: Merel R. Black           

Botanical Illustration

Hugh H. Iltis

Kenneth J. Sytsma

Mark Feider

Mark Feider

Merel R. Black

Merel R. Black

Merel R. Black

Christopher Noll

Christopher Noll

Christopher Noll

Robert W. Freckmann

Robert W. Freckmann

Scott B. Sauer

James R. Sime

Theodore S. Cochrane
Family Scrophulariaceae
Pedicularis canadensis L. subsp. canadensis
Canadian lousewort, forest lousewort, wood-betony
Pedicularis: from the Latin pediculus meaning "louse," referring to the old English belief that when cattle grazed on these plants, they became infested with lice
canadensis: of or referring to Canada
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Native
Plant: erect, perennial, 4"-16" tall forb; short rhizomes forming large clumps, partially parasitic
Flower: yellow (sometimes with a reddish hood), 5-parted, 3/4"-1" long, tubular-shaped, upper lip with 2 small teeth near the hooded tip covering the 4 stamens, lower lip shorter; inflorescence a 1"-2" terminal, leafy, conical spike elongating with age; blooms April-June
Fruit:capsule, opening at the top
Leaf:mostly basal then opposite, finely pinnately-toothed; lower leaves with the stalk longer than the blade, upper leaves smaller and almost stalkless
Habitat: dry to moderate moisture; prairies, woods, forests
(Glossary)

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Pedicularis list Ethnobotany Information Google- Images or Text
Synonyms 
Pedicularis canadensis L. f. flava Farw.
Pedicularis canadensis L. f. praeclara A.H.Moore
Pedicularis canadensis L. subsp. canadensis var. dobbsii Fernald
Pedicularis canadensis L. var. dobbsii Fernald

         
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