Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


Because of technology changes and personnel changes at UWSP and the Wisconsin State Herbarium, the database of plant species housed at this site was merged with the database from the OLD WisFlora website to create a new Flora of Wisconsin website at Currently we are encouraging all Wisplant viewers to begin using the Flora of Wisconsin website as soon as possible. Wisplants will remain operational through July 13th. After that date, all traffic to Wisplants will be redirected to the Flora of Wisconsin website.

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  Lithospermum officinale L. image
Photographer: Emmet J. Judziewicz           

Botancial Illustration

Emmet J. Judziewicz
Family Boraginaceae
Lithospermum officinale L.
common gromwell, European gromwell
Lithospermum: from Greek lithos, "stone," and sperma, "seed"
officinale: Latin generally meaning "of the shops" or "sold in the marketplace" or "official"
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Introduced - naturalized
Plant: erect, perennial, up to 3' tall forb, usually with many branches
Flower: white, 5-parted, 1/4" long or less, funnel-shaped; solitary from the crowded, upper leaf axils; blooms May-Aug.
Fruit:nutlets egg-shaped, white to light brown, shiny, either smooth or with some pits fruit drawing
Leaf:mostly stalkless or with very short stalks, lance-like, 1/4"-2/3" wide with 2-3 prominent veins on each side
Habitat: disturbed areas

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Lithospermum list Google- Images or Text
There are no synonyms for this taxon.

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