Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


Because of technology changes and personnel changes at UWSP and the Wisconsin State Herbarium, the database of plant species housed at this site was merged with the database from the OLD WisFlora website to create a new Flora of Wisconsin website at Currently we are encouraging all Wisplant viewers to begin using the Flora of Wisconsin website as soon as possible. Wisplants will remain operational through July 13th. After that date, all traffic to Wisplants will be redirected to the Flora of Wisconsin website.

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  Geocaulon lividum (Richardson) Fernald image
Photographer: Kitty Kohout           

Corey Raimond

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Robert W. Freckmann
Family Santalaceae
Geocaulon lividum (Richardson) Fernald
false toadflax, northern comandra
Geocaulon: Greek geo for earth and caulos for "stem of plant," referring to long slightly subterranean but scarcely modified stems
lividum: lead colored
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Endangered
Plant: erect, perennial, 4"-12" tall forb
Flower: greenish to purple, 5-parted, 1/8" wide, tepals triangular; inflorescence of usually 3 flowers per cyme-like cluster from the upper leaf axils, side flowers often drop leaving only the center one to mature; blooms June-Aug.
Fruit:orange to red, juicy berry
Leaf:elliptical to oval; 1/2"-1 1/2"; tip blunt to rounded
Habitat: wet; bogs, and cold, conifer woods

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Geocaulon list Google- Images or Text
Comandra livida Richardson

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