Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


Because of technology changes and personnel changes at UWSP and the Wisconsin State Herbarium, the database of plant species housed at this site was merged with the database from the OLD WisFlora website to create a new Flora of Wisconsin website at Currently we are encouraging all Wisplant viewers to begin using the Flora of Wisconsin website as soon as possible. Wisplants will remain operational through July 13th. After that date, all traffic to Wisplants will be redirected to the Flora of Wisconsin website.

Please direct any comments to

Thank you.

  Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz image
Photographer: R.K. Kupfer           

Botanical Illustration

Dan Aussem

Hugh H. Iltis

R.K. Kupfer

Margery Melgaard

Margery Melgaard

Christopher Noll

Christopher Noll
Family Orchidaceae
Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz
broad-leaved helleborine, helleborine, helleborine orchid
Epipactis: either from Greek epipaktis or epipegnuo, the name adopted for this genus which was originally called hellebore, and which refers to a milk-curdling property claimed for some species
helleborine: Greek name for Hellebore
  Restricted Invasive - Eradicate!  Stop It symbol- click for definition
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Introduced - naturalized; ecologically invasive
Plant: erect, perennial, 1'-3' tall forb
Flower: 6-parted, 3/4"-1" wide, lip greenish-purple, petals and sepals dull green with purple veins; inflorescence 4"-12" terminal, spike-like cluster (raceme) of many stalked flowers; blooms July-Aug.
Leaf:many, alternate, clasping, oval to lance-like
Habitat: deciduous forests, roadsides; in limy soil

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Epipactis list Google- Images or Text

Flora of North America (off site)
Amesia latifolia (L.) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.
Epipactis latifolia (L.) All.
Serapias helleborine L.

Botany News/Events
Book We Recommend
Historical Botanists
Other Links
Botanical Club of Wisconsin (off site)
UW-Stevens Point Biology Dept.
Plants of Wisconsin
Vascular Plants
Natural Communities
Botany News/Events
Other Links
Lichens (off site)   
Tom Volk's Fungi (off site)
Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
                          Vascular Plants
Browse by Identification Guides
Family Wildflowers
Genus Trees
Common Names Shrubs
Search by Vines
Names Aquatic-Semi aquatic
Specimens Ferns - Fern Allies
Blooming Times Grasses, Sedges, or Rushes
County & Status Other Resources  
Town Range Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
  WI Checklist & CofC Values
Browse by:
Common Name
Search by:
Copyright 2012 Permissions Contact Us Web Map