Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


  Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz image
Photographer: R.K. Kupfer           

Botanical Illustration

Dan Aussem

Hugh H. Iltis

R.K. Kupfer

Margery Melgaard

Margery Melgaard

Christopher Noll

Christopher Noll
Family Orchidaceae
Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz
broad-leaved helleborine, helleborine, helleborine orchid
Epipactis: either from Greek epipaktis or epipegnuo, the name adopted for this genus which was originally called hellebore, and which refers to a milk-curdling property claimed for some species
helleborine: Greek name for Hellebore
  Restricted Invasive - Eradicate!  Stop It symbol- click for definition
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Introduced - naturalized; ecologically invasive
Plant: erect, perennial, 1'-3' tall forb
Flower: 6-parted, 3/4"-1" wide, lip greenish-purple, petals and sepals dull green with purple veins; inflorescence 4"-12" terminal, spike-like cluster (raceme) of many stalked flowers; blooms July-Aug.
Leaf:many, alternate, clasping, oval to lance-like
Habitat: deciduous forests, roadsides; in limy soil
(Glossary)

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Epipactis list Google- Images or Text

Flora of North America (off site)
Synonyms 
Amesia latifolia (L.) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.
Epipactis latifolia (L.) All.
Serapias helleborine L.

         
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