Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


Because of technology changes and personnel changes at UWSP and the Wisconsin State Herbarium, the database of plant species housed at this site was merged with the database from the OLD WisFlora website to create a new Flora of Wisconsin website at Currently we are encouraging all Wisplant viewers to begin using the Flora of Wisconsin website as soon as possible. Wisplants will remain operational through July 13th. After that date, all traffic to Wisplants will be redirected to the Flora of Wisconsin website.

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  Cardamine maxima (Nutt.) A.W.Wood image
Photographer: Robert Bierman           
Family Brassicaceae
Cardamine maxima (Nutt.) A.W.Wood
large toothwort, three-leaved toothwort
Cardamine: originally from the Greek kardamon used by Dioscorides for some cress, maybe used in treating heart ailments
maxima: largest
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Special Concern
Plant: erect, annual/perennial, 6"-16" tall forb; stems smooth; long, thick rhizomes with a slight separation
Flower: purple, 4-parted; inflorescence a loose cluster (raceme) of long-stalked flowers; blooms April-May
Fruit:long, thin, erect pods
Leaf:usually 3 distinctly alternate, toothed, 3-parted stem leaves.
Habitat: woods; in rich soil

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Cardamine list Ethnobotany Information Google- Images or Text

Flora of North America (off site)
Cardamine X maxima (Nutt.) A.W.Wood
Dentaria maxima Nutt.

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