Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


  Carpinus caroliniana Walter subsp. virginiana (Marshall) Furlow image
Photographer: Kenneth J. Sytsma           

Botanical Illustration

David Lee

David Lee

Emmet J. Judziewicz

Kenneth J. Sytsma

Know Your Trees

Matthew L. Wagner

Paul Drobot

Paul Drobot

Paul Drobot

Paul Drobot

Paul Drobot

Robert W. Freckmann
Family Betulaceae
Carpinus caroliniana Walter subsp. virginiana (Marshall) Furlow
American hornbeam, blue-beech, hornbeam, ironwood
Carpinus: Latin possibly from carpentum, a horse-drawn Roman vehicle with wheels made from this wood
caroliniana: from Carolinas
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Native
Plant: perennial tree to 40' tall with short, crooked, fluted trunks; crown broadly spreading; bark bluish gray, smooth to sometimes roughened
Flower: male catkin 3/4"-2 1/3" long; blooms late spring
Fruit:fruit clusters 1 1/2"-4 1/2" long, lobes triangular with a sharp tip
Leaf:oval to elliptic to narrowly elliptic; edges coarsely and irregularly doubly toothed; teeth sharp and narrow
Habitat: moist; rich, deciduous woods; streambanks, floodplains, hillsides
(Glossary)

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Carpinus list Ethnobotany Information Google- Images or Text

Flora of North America (off site)
Synonyms 
Carpinus betulus L. var. virginiana Marshall
Carpinus caroliniana Walter var. virginiana (Marshall) Fernald
Carpinus virginiana (Marshall) Sudw. 1893, not Miller 1768

         
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