Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


  Betula nigra L. image
Photographer: Robert W. Freckmann           

Botancial Illustration

Darrin Kimbler

Dennis W. Woodland

Emmet J. Judziewicz

Matthew L. Wagner

Christopher Noll

Kurt Stüber
Family Betulaceae
Betula nigra L.
black birch, red birch, river birch
Betula: ancient Latin name
nigra: Latin for "black"
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Native
Plant: perennial tree to 80' tall, often several trunks, rounded crown; mature trees with smooth, grayish brown, yellowish, reddish, or creamy white bark irregularly peeling in shaggy pieces with time; dark, horizontal lenticels; twigs with no wintergreen taste or smell
Flower: blooms in late spring
Fruit:conical to round, erect fruit clusters; scales often remaining into early winter; samara wings narrower than the body and usually widest near the top
Leaf:leaves rhombic-oval, edges coarsely doubly cut to toothed
Habitat: moist to wet; riverbanks, floodplains
Notes: often hybirdizes
(Glossary)

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Betula list Ethnobotany Information Google- Images or Text

Flora of North America (off site)
Synonyms 
Betula rubra F.Michx.

         
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