Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Search Results:       Common Name: spike


List for printing without synonyms and photos.
Checklist from Wisconsin State Herbarium
Click on taxon for details including: Photos ( * ), Distribution Maps ( + ), Ethnobotany and Google Search.
      Family Araliaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Aralia L. *
              Hercules-club, sarsaparilla, spikenard (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Aralia racemosa L. * +
              American spikenard, life-of-man
                 Aralia racemosa L. subsp. racemosa
Image of Aralia racemosa L.
      Family Asteraceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Liatris pycnostachya Michx. * +
              prairie blazing-star, thick-spike blazing-star, thick-spike gay-feather
                 Lacinaria bebbiana Rydb.
                 Lacinaria pycnostachya (Michx.) Kuntze
                 Liatris pycnostachya Michx. f. hubrichti E.S.Anderson
Image of Liatris pycnostachya Michx.
      Family Cyperaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Carex ormostachya Wiegand * +
              necklace-spike sedge, necklace-spike wood sedge
                 Carex laxiflora Lam. var. ormostachya (Wiegand) Gleason
Image of Carex ormostachya Wiegand
            Carex siccata Dewey * +
              dry-spiked sedge, hay sedge, hillside sedge, running savanna sedge
                 Carex foenea Willd., misapplied
Image of Carex siccata Dewey
            Carex spicata Huds. * +
              spiked bracted sedge
Image of Carex spicata Huds.
            Eleocharis R.Br. *
              spike-rush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. * +
              needle spike-rush
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. f. acicularis
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. f. fluitans (Döll ex Glück) Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. f. inundata Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. f. longicaulis (Desm.) Hegi
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. acicularis
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. gracilescens Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. occidentalis Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. porcata S.G.Sm.
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. submersa (Nilsson) Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. typica Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. typica Svenson f. inundata Svenson
                 Scirpus acicularis L.
Image of Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult.
            Eleocharis compressa Sull. var. compressa * +
              flat-stemmed spike-rush
                 Eleocharis acuminata (Muhl.) Nees
                 Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. compressa (Sull.) Drapalik & Mohlenbr.
Image of Eleocharis compressa Sull. var. compressa
            Eleocharis elliptica Kunth * +
              elliptic spike-rush
                 Eleocharis capitata (L.) R.Br. var. borealis Svenson
                 Eleocharis compressa Sull. var. atrata Svenson
                 Eleocharis compressa Sull. var. borealis (Svenson) Drapalik & Mohlenbr.
                 Eleocharis elliptica Kunth f. atrata (Svenson) Drapalik & Mohlenbr.
                 Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. atrata (Svenson) S.G.Sm.
                 Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. elliptica
                 Eleocharis tenuis (Willd.) Schult. var. atrata (Svenson) B.Boivin
                 Eleocharis tenuis (Willd.) Schult. var. borealis (Svenson) Gleason
Image of Eleocharis elliptica Kunth
            Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. +
              Engelmann's spike-rush
                 (for list of synonyms - see the varieties)
            Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. var. detonsa A.Gray * +
              Engelmann's spike-rush
                 Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. f. detonsa (A.Gray) Svenson
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. detonsa (A.Gray) Drapalik & Mohlenbr.
Image of Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. var. detonsa A.Gray
            Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. var. engelmannii +
              Engelmann's spike-rush
                 Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. var. monticola (Fernald) Svenson
                 Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. var. robusta Fernald
                 Eleocharis monticola Fernald
                 Eleocharis monticola Fernald var. pallida H.St.John
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. engelmannii (Steud.) Gilly
                 Eleocharis ovata (Roth) Roem. & Schult. var. engelmannii (Steud.) Britton
            Eleocharis equisetoides (Elliott) Torr. * +
              horsetail spike-rush, jointed spike-sedge, knotted spike-rush
                 Eleocharis elliottii A.Dietr.
                 Scirpus equisetoides Elliott
Image of Eleocharis equisetoides (Elliott) Torr.
            Eleocharis erythropoda Steud. * +
              bald spike-rush
                 Eleocharis calva Torr.
                 Eleocharis glaucescens (Willd.) Roem. & Schult.
                 Scirpus glaucus Torr.
                 Trichophyllum palustre (L.) Farw. var. calvum (Torr.) House
Image of Eleocharis erythropoda Steud.
            Eleocharis flavescens (Poir.) Urban var. olivacea (Torr.) Gleason * +
              bright green spike-rush, capitate spike-rush, green spike-rush
                 Eleocharis flaccida (Rchb.) Urb. var. olivacea (Torr.) Fernald & Griscom
                 Eleocharis olivacea Torr.
                 Eleocharis olivacea Torr. var. olivacea
                 Eleocharis olivacea Torr. var. reductiseta (Schuyler & Ferren) Schuyler & Ferren
Image of Eleocharis flavescens (Poir.) Urban var. olivacea (Torr.) Gleason
            Eleocharis intermedia Schult. * +
              matted spike-rush
                 Eleocharis intermedia Schult. var. habereri Fernald
                 Eleocharis reclinata Kunth
                 Scirpus intermedius Muhl.
Image of Eleocharis intermedia Schult.
            Eleocharis mamillata (H.Lindb.) H.Lindb. subsp. mamillata * +
              mamillate spike-rush
                 Scirpus mamillatus H.Lindb.
Image of Eleocharis mamillata (H.Lindb.) H.Lindb. subsp. mamillata
            Eleocharis nitida Fernald * +
              neat spike-rush, quill spike-rush, slender spike-rush
Image of Eleocharis nitida Fernald
            Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. * +
              blunt spike-rush
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. ellipsoidalis Fernald
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. gigantea Fernald
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. jejuna Fernald
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. peasei Svenson
                 Eleocharis ovata (Roth) Roem. & Schult. var. obtusa (Willd.) Kük. ex Skottsb.
                 Scirpus obtusus Willd.
Image of Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult.
            Eleocharis ovata (Roth) Roem. & Schult. * +
              oval spike-rush
                 Eleocharis annua House
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. heuseri Uechtr.
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. ovata (Roth) Drapalik & Mohlenbr.
                 Scirpus ovatus Roth
Image of Eleocharis ovata (Roth) Roem. & Schult.
            Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. * +
              common spike-rush, marsh spike-rush
                 Eleocharis calva Torr. var. australis (Nees) H.St.John
                 Eleocharis mamillata auct. non H.Lindb.
                 Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. australis Nees
                 Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. major Sond.
                 Eleocharis smallii Britton
                 Eleocharis smallii Britton var. major (Sond.) F.Seym.
                 Scirpus palustris L.
Image of Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult.
            Eleocharis parvula (Roem. & Schult.) Link ex Bluff, Nees & Schauer
              [Excluded] dwarf spike-rush
                 Scirpus nanus Spreng.
            Eleocharis quadrangulata (Michx.) Roem. & Schult. * +
              angled spike-rush, square-stem spike-rush
                 Eleocharis quadrangulata (Michx.) Roem. & Schult. var. crassior Fernald
                 Scirpus albomarginatus Schult.
                 Scirpus marginatus Muhl.
                 Scirpus quadrangulatus Michx.
Image of Eleocharis quadrangulata (Michx.) Roem. & Schult.
            Eleocharis quinqueflora (Hartmann) Schwarz * +
              few-flowered spike-rush
                 Eleocharis fernaldii (Svenson) A.Löve
                 Eleocharis pauciflora (Lightf.) Link
                 Eleocharis pauciflora (Lightf.) Link var. fernaldii Svenson
                 Eleocharis quinqueflora (Hartmann) Schwarz subsp. fernaldii (Svenson) Hultén
                 Scirpus pauciflorus Lightf.
                 Scirpus quinqueflorus Hartmann
Image of Eleocharis quinqueflora (Hartmann) Schwarz
            Eleocharis robbinsii Oakes * +
              Robbins' spike-rush
Image of Eleocharis robbinsii Oakes
            Eleocharis rostellata (Torr.) Torr. * +
              beaked spike-rush, walking sedge
                 Eleocharis rostellata (Torr.) Torr. var. congdonii Jeps.
                 Eleocharis rostellata (Torr.) Torr. var. occidentalis S.Watson
                 Scirpus rostellatus Torr.
Image of Eleocharis rostellata (Torr.) Torr.
            Eleocharis tenuis (Willd.) Schult. var. verrucosa (Svenson) Svenson +
              dog's hair, slender spike-rush
                 Eleocharis capitata (L.) R.Br. var. verrucosa Svenson
                 Eleocharis verrucosa (Svenson) L.J.Harms
            Eleocharis wolfii (A.Gray) A.Gray ex Britton * +
              Wolf's spike-rush
                 Scirpus wolfii A.Gray
Image of Eleocharis wolfii (A.Gray) A.Gray ex Britton
      Family Haloragaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Myriophyllum sibiricum Kom. * +
              common water-milfoil, short-spike water-milfoil
                 Myriophyllum exalbescens Fernald
                 Myriophyllum exalbescens Fernald var. magdalenense (Fernald) A.Löve
                 Myriophyllum magdalenense Fernald
                 Myriophyllum spicatum L. subsp. exalbescens (Fernald) Hultén
                 Myriophyllum spicatum L. subsp. squamosum Laest. ex Hartman
                 Myriophyllum spicatum L. var. capillaceum Lange
                 Myriophyllum spicatum L. var. exalbescens (Fernald) Jeps.
                 Myriophyllum spicatum L. var. squamosum (Laest. ex Hartman) Hartman
Image of Myriophyllum sibiricum Kom.
            Myriophyllum spicatum L. * +
              Eurasian water-milfoil, European water-milfoil, spike water-milfoil
Image of Myriophyllum spicatum L.
      Family Liliaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link subsp. racemosum * +
              false Solomon's-seal, false spikenard, large false Solomon's-seal, Solomon's-plume
                 Convallaria racemosa L.
                 Smilacina ciliata Desf.
                 Smilacina flexicaulis Wender.
                 Smilacina racemosa (L.) Desf. var. cylindrata Fernald
                 Smilacina racemosa (L.) Desf. var. lanceolata B.Boivin
                 Smilacina racemosa (L.) Desf. var. racemosa
                 Smilacina racemosa (L.) Desf. var. typica Fernald
                 Unifolium racemosum (L.) Britton
                 Vagnera australis Rydb.
                 Vagnera racemosa (L.) Morong
                 Vagnera retusa Raf.
Image of Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link subsp. racemosum
      Family Lobeliaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Lobelia spicata Lam. * +
              pale-spike lobelia, spiked lobelia
                 (for list of synonyms - see the varieties)
Image of Lobelia spicata Lam.
            Lobelia spicata Lam. var. hirtella A.Gray +
              hairy pale-spike lobelia, pale-spike lobelia, spiked lobelia
                 Lobelia hirtella (A.Gray) Greene
            Lobelia spicata Lam. var. spicata +
              pale-spike lobelia, spiked lobelia
                 Lobelia bracteata Small
                 Lobelia spicata Lam. var. campanulata McVaugh
                 Lobelia spicata Lam. var. originalis McVaugh
                 Lobelia spicata Lam. var. parviflora A.Gray
      Family Lythraceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Lythrum salicaria L. * +
              purple loosestrife, spiked loosestrife
                 Lythrum salicaria L. var. gracilior Turcz.
                 Lythrum salicaria L. var. tomentosum (Mill.) DC.
                 Lythrum salicaria L. var. vulgare DC.
Image of Lythrum salicaria L.
      Family Onagraceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Oenothera rhombipetala Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray * +
              four-point evening-primrose, long-spike evening-primrose
                 Oenothera heterophylla Spach var. rhombipetala (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) Fosberg
                 Raimannia rhombipetala (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) Rose
Image of Oenothera rhombipetala Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray
      Family Poaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Aristida longespica Poir. var. geniculata (Raf.) Fernald * +
              Kearney's three-awn, red three-awn, slender three-awn, slim-spike three-awn grass
                 Aristida geniculata Raf.
                 Aristida intermedia Scribn. & Ball
                 Aristida necopina Shinners
Image of Aristida longespica Poir. var. geniculata (Raf.) Fernald
            Aristida longespica Poir. var. longespica
              [Excluded] slender three-awn, slim-spike three-awn grass
                 Aristida gracilis Elliott
            Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene * +
              alkali grass, inland salt grass, spike grass
                 Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne
                 Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene var. borealis (J.Presl) Beetle
                 Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene var. divaricata Beetle
                 Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene var. nana Beetle
                 Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene var. spicata
                 Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene var. stolonifera Beetle
                 Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene var. stricta (Torr.) Beetle
                 Distichlis stricta (Torr.) Rydb.
                 Distichlis stricta (Torr.) Rydb. var. dentata (Rydb.) C.L.Hitchc.
                 Uniola spicata L.
Image of Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene
            Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould * +
              thick-spike wheat grass
                 (for list of synonyms - see the subspecies)
Image of Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould
            Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould subsp. lanceolatus * +
              thick-spike wheat grass
                 Agropyron dasystachyum (Hook.) Scribn.
                 Agropyron dasystachyum (Hook.) Scribn. var. riparum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Bowden
                 Agropyron elmeri Scribn.
                 Agropyron lanceolatum Scribn. & J.G.Sm.
                 Agropyron riparum Scribn. & J.G.Sm.
                 Agropyron riparium Scribn.& J.G.Sm.
                 Elytrigia dasystachya (Hook.) A.Löve & D.Löve subsp. dasystachya
                 Elytrigia dasystachya (Hook.) A.Löve & D.Löve var. dasystachya
                 Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould var. riparius (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Dorn
                 Elytrigia riparia (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Beetle
Image of Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould subsp. lanceolatus
            Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould subsp. psammophilus (J.M.Gillett & Senn) A.Löve * +
              streambank wheat grass, thick-spike wheat grass
                 Agropyron dasystachyum (Hook.) Scribn. subsp. psammophilum (J.M.Gillett & Senn) Dewey
                 Agropyron dasystachyum (Hook.) Scribn. var. psammophilum (J.M.Gillett & Senn) E.G.Voss
                 Agropyron psammophilium J.M.Gillett & Senn
                 Elytrigia dasystachya (Hook.) A.Löve & D.Löve subsp. psammophila (J.M.Gillett & Senn) Dewey
                 Elytrigia dasystachya (Hook.) A.Löve & D.Löve var. psammophila (J.M.Gillett & Senn) Cronquist
Image of Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould subsp. psammophilus (J.M.Gillett & Senn) A.Löve
            Muhlenbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin. * +
              marsh muhly, marsh wild-Timothy, spiked muhly
                 Muhlenbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin. var. cinnoides (Link) F.J.Herm.
                 Muhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. var. cinnoides (Link) B.Boivin
Image of Muhlenbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin.
            Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A.Löve * +
              thick-spike wheat grass
                 Agropyron molle (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Rydb.
                 Agropyron smithii Rydb.
                 Agropyron smithii Rydb. var. molle (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) M.E.Jones
                 Agropyron smithii Rydb. var. palmeri (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) A.Heller
                 Elymus smithii (Rydb.) Gould
                 Elytrigia smithii (Rydb.) Nevski
                 Elytrigia smithii (Rydb.) Nevski var. molle (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Beetle
Image of Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A.Löve
            Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. * +
              narrow false oats, spike trisetum
                 Aira spicata L.
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. subsp. alaskanum (Nash) Hultén
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. subsp. congdonii (Scribn. & Merr.) Hultén
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. subsp. majus (Rydb.) Hultén
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. subsp. molle (Michx.) Hultén
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. subsp. pilosiglume (Fernald) Hultén
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. var. alaskanum (Nash) Malte ex Louis-Marie
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. var. congdonii (Scribn. & Merr.) Hitchc.
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. var. maidenii (Gand.) Fernald
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. var. majus (Rydb.) Farw.
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. var. molle (Michx.) Beal
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. var. pilosiglume Fernald
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. var. spicatiforme Hultén
                 Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt. var. villosissimum (Lange) Louis-Marie
                 Trisetum subspicatum (L.) P.Beauv.
                 Trisetum triflorum (Bigelow) A.Löve & D.Löve
                 Trisetum triflorum (Bigelow) A.Löve & D.Löve subsp. molle (Michx.) A.Löve & D.Löve
                 Trisetum villosissimum (Lange) Louis-Marie
Image of Trisetum spicatum (L.) K.Richt.
      Family Selaginellaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Selaginella P.Beauv. *
              spike-moss (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Selaginella apoda (L.) Spring *
              [Excluded] meadow spike-moss
                 Selaginella apus Spring
Image of Selaginella apoda (L.) Spring
            Selaginella eclipes W.R.Buck * +
              hidden spike-moss, northern meadow spike-moss
Image of Selaginella eclipes W.R.Buck
            Selaginella rupestris (L.) Spring * +
              dwarf spike-moss, northern selaginella, rock spike-moss
                 Lycopodium rupestre L.
Image of Selaginella rupestris (L.) Spring
            Selaginella selaginoides (L.) P.Beauv. ex Mart. & Schrank * +
              club spike-moss, low spike-moss, northern spike-moss, rock spike-moss
                 Lycopodium selaginoides L.
Image of Selaginella selaginoides (L.) P.Beauv. ex Mart. & Schrank
      Family Urticaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. * +
              small-spike false nettle
                 Boehmeria austrina Small
                 Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. var. cylindrica
                 Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. var. drummondiana (Wedd.) Wedd.
                 Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. var. scabra Porter
                 Boehmeria decurrens Small
                 Boehmeria drummondiana Wedd.
                 Boehmeria scabra (Porter) Small
                 Urtica cylindrica L.
Image of Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw.


         
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Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
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Family Wildflowers
Genus Trees
Common Names Shrubs
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Names Aquatic-Semi aquatic
Specimens Ferns - Fern Allies
Blooming Times Grasses, Sedges, or Rushes
County & Status Other Resources  
Town Range Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
  WI Checklist & CofC Values
Bryophytes
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