Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Search Results:       Common Name: rush


List for printing without synonyms and photos.
Checklist from Wisconsin State Herbarium
Click on taxon for details including: Photos ( * ), Distribution Maps ( + ), Ethnobotany and Google Search.
      Family Asteraceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Artemisia L. *
              mugwort, sagebrush, wormwood (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Artemisia abrotanum L. *
              [Excluded] garden sagebrush, southernwood
                 Artemisia procera Willd.
Image of Artemisia abrotanum L.
            Artemisia frigida Willd. * +
              fringed sage-wort, prairie sagebrush, prairie sage-wort
Image of Artemisia frigida Willd.
            Artemisia serrata Nutt. * +
              saw-leaf mugwort, saw-toothed sagebrush, saw-tooth wormwood, toothed sage
Image of Artemisia serrata Nutt.
            Aster borealis (Torr. & A.Gray) Prov. * +
              northern bog aster, rush aster
                 Aster franklinianus Rydb.
                 Aster junceus auct. non Aiton
                 Aster junciformis Rydb.
                 Aster laxifolius Lindl. var. borealis Torr. & A.Gray
                 Aster laxifolius Nees var. laetiflorus Torr. & A.Gray
                 Symphyotrichum boreale (Torr. & A.Gray) A.Löve & D.Löve
Image of Aster borealis (Torr. & A.Gray) Prov.
            Hieracium aurantiacum L. * +
              devil's-paintbrush, grim-the-collier, orange hawkweed, red daisy
Image of Hieracium aurantiacum L.
            Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh) D.Don ex Hook. *
              [Excluded] rush skeletonplant
Image of Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh) D.Don ex Hook.
      Family Butomaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Butomus umbellatus L. * +
              flowering-rush
Image of Butomus umbellatus L.
      Family Caprifoliaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench * +
              buck-brush, coral-berry, Indian currant
                 Symphoricarpos symphoricarpos (L.) MacMill.
Image of Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
      Family Cyperaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Bolboschoenus fluviatilis (Torr.) Soják * +
              river bulrush
                 Schoenoplectus fluviatilis (Torr.) M.T.Strong
                 Scirpus fluviatilis (Torr.) A.Gray
                 Scirpus maritimus L. var. fluviatilis Torr.
Image of Bolboschoenus fluviatilis (Torr.) Soják
            Carex hystericina Muhl. ex Willd. * +
              bottlebrush sedge, porcupine sedge
                 Carex hystricina Muhl. ex Willd. [orthographic "correction"]
Image of Carex hystericina Muhl. ex Willd.
            Carex retrorsa Schwein. * +
              deflexed bottlebrush sedge, knot-sheath sedge, retrorse sedge
Image of Carex retrorsa Schwein.
            Cladium mariscoides (Muhl.) Torr. * +
              smooth sawgrass, twig-rush
                 Mariscus mariscoides (Muhl.) Kuntze
                 Schoenus mariscoides Muhl.
Image of Cladium mariscoides (Muhl.) Torr.
            Eleocharis R.Br. *
              spike-rush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. * +
              needle spike-rush
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. f. acicularis
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. f. fluitans (Döll ex Glück) Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. f. inundata Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. f. longicaulis (Desm.) Hegi
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. acicularis
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. gracilescens Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. occidentalis Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. porcata S.G.Sm.
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. submersa (Nilsson) Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. typica Svenson
                 Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. typica Svenson f. inundata Svenson
                 Scirpus acicularis L.
Image of Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult.
            Eleocharis compressa Sull. var. compressa * +
              flat-stemmed spike-rush
                 Eleocharis acuminata (Muhl.) Nees
                 Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. compressa (Sull.) Drapalik & Mohlenbr.
Image of Eleocharis compressa Sull. var. compressa
            Eleocharis elliptica Kunth * +
              elliptic spike-rush
                 Eleocharis capitata (L.) R.Br. var. borealis Svenson
                 Eleocharis compressa Sull. var. atrata Svenson
                 Eleocharis compressa Sull. var. borealis (Svenson) Drapalik & Mohlenbr.
                 Eleocharis elliptica Kunth f. atrata (Svenson) Drapalik & Mohlenbr.
                 Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. atrata (Svenson) S.G.Sm.
                 Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. elliptica
                 Eleocharis tenuis (Willd.) Schult. var. atrata (Svenson) B.Boivin
                 Eleocharis tenuis (Willd.) Schult. var. borealis (Svenson) Gleason
Image of Eleocharis elliptica Kunth
            Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. +
              Engelmann's spike-rush
                 (for list of synonyms - see the varieties)
            Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. var. detonsa A.Gray * +
              Engelmann's spike-rush
                 Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. f. detonsa (A.Gray) Svenson
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. detonsa (A.Gray) Drapalik & Mohlenbr.
Image of Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. var. detonsa A.Gray
            Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. var. engelmannii +
              Engelmann's spike-rush
                 Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. var. monticola (Fernald) Svenson
                 Eleocharis engelmannii Steud. var. robusta Fernald
                 Eleocharis monticola Fernald
                 Eleocharis monticola Fernald var. pallida H.St.John
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. engelmannii (Steud.) Gilly
                 Eleocharis ovata (Roth) Roem. & Schult. var. engelmannii (Steud.) Britton
            Eleocharis equisetoides (Elliott) Torr. * +
              horsetail spike-rush, jointed spike-sedge, knotted spike-rush
                 Eleocharis elliottii A.Dietr.
                 Scirpus equisetoides Elliott
Image of Eleocharis equisetoides (Elliott) Torr.
            Eleocharis erythropoda Steud. * +
              bald spike-rush
                 Eleocharis calva Torr.
                 Eleocharis glaucescens (Willd.) Roem. & Schult.
                 Scirpus glaucus Torr.
                 Trichophyllum palustre (L.) Farw. var. calvum (Torr.) House
Image of Eleocharis erythropoda Steud.
            Eleocharis flavescens (Poir.) Urban var. olivacea (Torr.) Gleason * +
              bright green spike-rush, capitate spike-rush, green spike-rush
                 Eleocharis flaccida (Rchb.) Urb. var. olivacea (Torr.) Fernald & Griscom
                 Eleocharis olivacea Torr.
                 Eleocharis olivacea Torr. var. olivacea
                 Eleocharis olivacea Torr. var. reductiseta (Schuyler & Ferren) Schuyler & Ferren
Image of Eleocharis flavescens (Poir.) Urban var. olivacea (Torr.) Gleason
            Eleocharis intermedia Schult. * +
              matted spike-rush
                 Eleocharis intermedia Schult. var. habereri Fernald
                 Eleocharis reclinata Kunth
                 Scirpus intermedius Muhl.
Image of Eleocharis intermedia Schult.
            Eleocharis mamillata (H.Lindb.) H.Lindb. subsp. mamillata * +
              mamillate spike-rush
                 Scirpus mamillatus H.Lindb.
Image of Eleocharis mamillata (H.Lindb.) H.Lindb. subsp. mamillata
            Eleocharis nitida Fernald * +
              neat spike-rush, quill spike-rush, slender spike-rush
Image of Eleocharis nitida Fernald
            Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. * +
              blunt spike-rush
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. ellipsoidalis Fernald
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. gigantea Fernald
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. jejuna Fernald
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. peasei Svenson
                 Eleocharis ovata (Roth) Roem. & Schult. var. obtusa (Willd.) Kük. ex Skottsb.
                 Scirpus obtusus Willd.
Image of Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult.
            Eleocharis ovata (Roth) Roem. & Schult. * +
              oval spike-rush
                 Eleocharis annua House
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. heuseri Uechtr.
                 Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schult. var. ovata (Roth) Drapalik & Mohlenbr.
                 Scirpus ovatus Roth
Image of Eleocharis ovata (Roth) Roem. & Schult.
            Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. * +
              common spike-rush, marsh spike-rush
                 Eleocharis calva Torr. var. australis (Nees) H.St.John
                 Eleocharis mamillata auct. non H.Lindb.
                 Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. australis Nees
                 Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. major Sond.
                 Eleocharis smallii Britton
                 Eleocharis smallii Britton var. major (Sond.) F.Seym.
                 Scirpus palustris L.
Image of Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult.
            Eleocharis parvula (Roem. & Schult.) Link ex Bluff, Nees & Schauer
              [Excluded] dwarf spike-rush
                 Scirpus nanus Spreng.
            Eleocharis quadrangulata (Michx.) Roem. & Schult. * +
              angled spike-rush, square-stem spike-rush
                 Eleocharis quadrangulata (Michx.) Roem. & Schult. var. crassior Fernald
                 Scirpus albomarginatus Schult.
                 Scirpus marginatus Muhl.
                 Scirpus quadrangulatus Michx.
Image of Eleocharis quadrangulata (Michx.) Roem. & Schult.
            Eleocharis quinqueflora (Hartmann) Schwarz * +
              few-flowered spike-rush
                 Eleocharis fernaldii (Svenson) A.Löve
                 Eleocharis pauciflora (Lightf.) Link
                 Eleocharis pauciflora (Lightf.) Link var. fernaldii Svenson
                 Eleocharis quinqueflora (Hartmann) Schwarz subsp. fernaldii (Svenson) Hultén
                 Scirpus pauciflorus Lightf.
                 Scirpus quinqueflorus Hartmann
Image of Eleocharis quinqueflora (Hartmann) Schwarz
            Eleocharis robbinsii Oakes * +
              Robbins' spike-rush
Image of Eleocharis robbinsii Oakes
            Eleocharis rostellata (Torr.) Torr. * +
              beaked spike-rush, walking sedge
                 Eleocharis rostellata (Torr.) Torr. var. congdonii Jeps.
                 Eleocharis rostellata (Torr.) Torr. var. occidentalis S.Watson
                 Scirpus rostellatus Torr.
Image of Eleocharis rostellata (Torr.) Torr.
            Eleocharis tenuis (Willd.) Schult. var. verrucosa (Svenson) Svenson +
              dog's hair, slender spike-rush
                 Eleocharis capitata (L.) R.Br. var. verrucosa Svenson
                 Eleocharis verrucosa (Svenson) L.J.Harms
            Eleocharis wolfii (A.Gray) A.Gray ex Britton * +
              Wolf's spike-rush
                 Scirpus wolfii A.Gray
Image of Eleocharis wolfii (A.Gray) A.Gray ex Britton
            Fimbristylis Vahl *
              fimbry, fringe-rush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Fimbristylis autumnalis (L.) Roem. & Schult. * +
              autumn sedge, slender fimbry, slender fringe-rush
                 Fimbristylis autumnalis (L.) Roem. & Schult. var. mucronulata (Michx.) Fernald
                 Fimbristylis frankii Steud.
                 Fimbristylis geminata (Nees) Kunth
                 Fimbristylis mucronulata (Michx.) S.F.Blake
                 Scirpus autumnalis L.
                 Scirpus michauxii Pers.
                 Scirpus mucronulatus Michx.
                 Trichelostylis geminata T.Lestib. & Nees
                 Trichelostylis mucronulata (Michx.) Torr.
Image of Fimbristylis autumnalis (L.) Roem. & Schult.
            Rhynchospora Vahl *
              beak-rush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Rhynchospora alba (L.) Vahl * +
              white beak-rush
                 Dichromena alba (L.) J.F.Macbr.
                 Phaeocephalum album (L.) House
                 Rhynchospora luquillensis Britton
                 Schoenus albus L.
                 Triodon albus (L.) Farw.
Image of Rhynchospora alba (L.) Vahl
            Rhynchospora capillacea Torr. * +
              hair beak-rush, needle beak sedge
                 Phaeocephalum capillaceum (Torr.) Farw.
                 Rhynchospora capillacea Torr. f. capillacea
                 Rhynchospora capillacea Torr. f. leviseta (E.J.Hill) Fernald
                 Rhynchospora capillacea Torr. var. leviseta E.J.Hill ex A.Gray
                 Rhynchospora setacea (Muhl.) MacMill., 1892, non Vahl 1806
                 Rhynchospora smallii Britton
                 Triodon capillaceus (Torr.) Farw.
Image of Rhynchospora capillacea Torr.
            Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.) Vahl * +
              brownish beak sedge, clustered beak-rush
                 Phaeocephalum glomeratum (L.) House var. minus (Britton) Farw.
                 Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.) Vahl f. capitellata
                 Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.) Vahl f. discutiens (C.B.Clarke) Gale
                 Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.) Vahl var. discutiens (C.B.Clarke) S.F.Blake
                 Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.) Vahl var. leptocarpa (Chapm. ex Britton) S.F.Blake
                 Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.) Vahl var. minor (Britton) S.F.Blake
                 Rhynchospora glomerata (L.) Vahl var. capitellata (Michx.) Kük.
                 Rhynchospora glomerata (L.) Vahl var. capitellata (Michx.) Kük. f. discutiens (C.B.Clarke) Kük.
                 Rhynchospora glomerata (L.) Vahl var. discutiens C.B.Clarke
                 Rhynchospora glomerata (L.) Vahl var. leptocarpa Chapm. ex Britton
                 Rhynchospora glomerata (L.) Vahl var. minor Britton f. discutiens (C.B.Clarke) Fernald
                 Rhynchospora glomerata (L.) Vahl var. minor Britton
                 Rhynchospora leptocarpa (Chapm. ex Britton) Small
                 Schoenus capitellatus Michx.
Image of Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.) Vahl
            Rhynchospora fusca (L.) W.T.Aiton * +
              brown beak-rush, sooty beak-rush
                 Phaeocephalum fuscum (L.) House
                 Rhynchospora alba (L.) Vahl var. fusca (L.) Vahl
                 Schoenus fuscus L.
Image of Rhynchospora fusca (L.) W.T.Aiton
            Rhynchospora scirpoides (Torr.) Griseb. * +
              long-beaked bald-rush, long-beaked bald sedge
                 Psilocarya corymbifera (C.Wright) Britton
                 Psilocarya corymbiformis Benth.
                 Psilocarya scirpoides Torr.
                 Psilocarya scirpoides Torr. var. grimesii Fernald & Griscom
Image of Rhynchospora scirpoides (Torr.) Griseb.
            Schoenoplectus (Rchb.) Palla *
              bulrush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Schoenoplectus acutus (Muhl. ex Bigelow) A.Löve & D.Löve var. acutus * +
              hard-stem bulrush
                 Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla subsp. acutus (Muhl. ex Bigelow) A.Löve & D.Löve
                 Scirpus acutus Muhl. ex Bigelow
                 Scirpus lacustris L., pro parte
Image of Schoenoplectus acutus (Muhl. ex Bigelow) A.Löve & D.Löve var. acutus
            Schoenoplectus hallii (A.Gray) S.G.Sm. * +
              Hall's bulrush
                 Scirpus hallii A.Gray
                 Scirpus supinus L. var. hallii (A.Gray) A.Gray
Image of Schoenoplectus hallii (A.Gray) S.G.Sm.
            Schoenoplectus heterochaetus (Chase) Soják * +
              slender bulrush
                 Scirpus heterochaetus Chase
                 Scirpus lacustris auct. non L.
                 Scirpus lacustris L. subsp. lacustris var. tenuiculmis (E.Sheld.) T.Koyama
                 Scirpus lacustris L. var. tenuiculmis E.Sheld.
                 Scirpus tenuiculmis (E.Sheld.) Soják
Image of Schoenoplectus heterochaetus (Chase) Soják
            Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla * +
              chair-maker's rush, common three-square bulrush
                 Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla var. badius (J.Presl & K.Presl) S.G.Sm.
                 Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla var. longispicatus (Britton) S.G.Sm.
                 Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla var. pungens
                 Scirpus americanus of Amer. authors, not Pers.
                 Scirpus americanus Pers. var. longispicatus Britton
                 Scirpus americanus Pers. var. monophyllus (J.Presl & C.Presl) T.Koyama
                 Scirpus chilensis Nees & Meyen ex Kunth
                 Scirpus monophyllus J.Presl & C.Presl
                 Scirpus pungens Vahl
                 Scirpus pungens Vahl subsp. monophyllus (J.Presl & C.Presl) Roy L.Taylor & MacBryde
                 Scirpus pungens Vahl var. longispicatus (Britton) Roy L.Taylor & MacBryde
Image of Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla
            Schoenoplectus purshianus (Fernald) M.T.Strong * +
              Pursh's bulrush, weak bulrush, weak-stalk bulrush, weak-stalk club-rush
                 (for list of synonyms - see the varieties)
Image of Schoenoplectus purshianus (Fernald) M.T.Strong
            Schoenoplectus purshianus (Fernald) M.T.Stong var. purshianus +
              Pursh's bulrush, weak bulrush, weak-stalk bulrush
                 Scirpus debilis Pursh, non Lam.
                 Scirpus juncoides Roxb. var. digynus (Boeckl.) T.Koyama
                 Scirpus purshianus Fernald
                 Scirpus purshianus Fernald f. purshianus
            Schoenoplectus purshianus (Fernald) M.T.Stong var. williamsii (Fernald) S.G.Sm. +
              Pursh's bulrush, weak bulrush, weak-stalk bulrush
                 Scirpus debilis Pursh var. williamsii Fernald
                 Scirpus juncoides Roxb. var. williamsii (Fernald) T.Koyama
                 Scirpus purshianus Fernald f. williamsii (Fernald) Fernald
                 Scirpus smithii A.Gray var. williamsii (Fernald) Beetle
            Schoenoplectus smithii (A.Gray) Soják * +
              blunt-scale bulrush, Smith's bulrush
                 (for list of synonyms - see the varieties)
Image of Schoenoplectus smithii (A.Gray) Soják
            Schoenoplectus smithii (A.Gray) Soják var. setosus (Fernald) S.G.Sm. +
              blunt-scale bulrush, Smith's bulrush
                 Scirpus smithii A.Gray f. setosus (Fernald) Fernald
                 Scirpus smithii A.Gray var. setosus Fernald
            Schoenoplectus smithii (A.Gray) Soják var. smithii * +
              blunt-scale bulrush, Smith's bulrush
                 Scirpus smithii A.Gray
                 Scirpus smithii A.Gray f. smithii
                 Scirpus smithii A.Gray var. smithii
Image of Schoenoplectus smithii (A.Gray) Soják var. smithii
            Schoenoplectus X steinmetzii (Fernald) S.G.Sm. (pro sp.) +
              Steinmetz's bulrush
                 (PARENTS = Schoenoplectus heterochaetus (Chase) Soják X S. tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla)
                 Schoenoplectus heterochaetus (Chase) Soják X S. tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla
                 Scirpus steinmetzii Fernald
            Schoenoplectus subterminalis (Torr.) Soják * +
              swaying bulrush, water bulrush, water club-rush
                 Scirpus subterminalis Torr.
Image of Schoenoplectus subterminalis (Torr.) Soják
            Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla * +
              great bulrush, soft-stem bulrush
                 Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla subsp. creber (Fernald) A.Löve & D.Löve
                 Schoenoplectus validus (Vahl) A.Löve & D.Löve
                 Scirpus lacustris L. subsp. creber (Fernald) T.Koyama
                 Scirpus lacustris L. subsp. glaucus (Rchb.) Hartm.
                 Scirpus lacustris L. subsp. tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Syme
                 Scirpus lacustris L. subsp. validus (Vahl) T.Koyama
                 Scirpus lacustris L. var. tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Döll
                 Scirpus tabernaemontani C.C.Gmel.
                 Scirpus validus Vahl
                 Scirpus validus Vahl var. creber Fernald
                 Scirpus validus Vahl var. creber Fernald f. megastachyus Fernald
Image of Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla
            Schoenoplectus torreyi (Olney) Palla * +
              Torrey's bulrush, Torrey's three-square bulrush
                 Scirpus torreyi Olney
Image of Schoenoplectus torreyi (Olney) Palla
            Scirpus L. *
              bulrush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Scirpus atrovirens Willd. * +
              black bulrush, dark-green bulrush
                 Scirpus atrovirens Willd. f. proliferus F.J.Herm.
                 Scirpus atrovirens Willd. var. atrovirens
                 Scirpus atrovirens Willd. f. pycnocephalus Fernald
Image of Scirpus atrovirens Willd.
            Scirpus georgianus R.M.Harper * +
              bristleless dark-green bulrush, Georgia bulrush
                 Scirpus atrovirens Willd. var. georgianus (R.M.Harper) Fernald, pro parte
Image of Scirpus georgianus R.M.Harper
            Scirpus hattorianus Makino * +
              early dark-green bulrush, mosquito bulrush
                 Scirpus atrovirens Willd. var. georgianus (R.M.Harper) Fernald, pro parte
                 Scirpus atrovirens Willd. var. viviparus Farw.
Image of Scirpus hattorianus Makino
            Scirpus microcarpus J.Presl & C.Presl * +
              panicled bulrush
                 Scirpus microcarpus J.Presl & C.Presl var. longispicatus M.Peck
                 Scirpus microcarpus J.Presl & C.Presl var. rubrotinctus (Fernald) M.E.Jones
                 Scirpus rubrotinctus Fernald
                 Scirpus rubrotinctus Fernald f. confertus (Fernald) Weath.
                 Scirpus rubrotinctus Fernald var. confertus Fernald
                 Scirpus sylvaticus L. var. digynus Boeck.
Image of Scirpus microcarpus J.Presl & C.Presl
            Scirpus pallidus (Britton) Fernald * +
              pale bulrush
                 Scirpus atrovirens Willd. var. pallidus Britton
Image of Scirpus pallidus (Britton) Fernald
            Scirpus pendulus Muhl. * +
              rufous bulrush
                 Scirpus lineatus auct. non Michx.
Image of Scirpus pendulus Muhl.
            Scleria Bergius *
              nut-rush, razor sedge, stone-rush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Scleria reticularis Michx. * +
              netted nut-rush, reticulated nut-rush
                 Scleria reticularis Michx. var. pumila Britton
Image of Scleria reticularis Michx.
            Scleria triglomerata Michx. * +
              stone-rush, tall nut-rush, whip nut-rush, whip-grass
                 Scleria flaccida Steud.
                 Scleria nitida Willd.
Image of Scleria triglomerata Michx.
            Scleria verticillata Muhl. ex Willd. * +
              low nut-rush
Image of Scleria verticillata Muhl. ex Willd.
            Trichophorum Pers. *
              alpine cotton-grass, alpine club-rush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Trichophorum alpinum (L.) Pers. * +
              alpine cotton-grass, alpine club-rush
                 Baeothryon alpinum (L.) T.V.Egorova
                 Eriophorum alpinum L.
                 Eriophorum hudsonianum Michx.
                 Leucocoma alpina (L.) Rydb.
                 Scirpus alpinus (L.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., 1906
                 Scirpus hudsonianus (Michx.) Fernald
                 Trichophorum alpinum (L.) Pers. var. hudsonianum (Michx.) Pers.
Image of Trichophorum alpinum (L.) Pers.
            Trichophorum cespitosum (L.) Schur * +
              tufted bulrush, tufted club-rush, tussock bulrush
                 Baeothryon cespitosum (L.) A.Dietr.
                 Scirpus bracteatus Bigelow
                 Scirpus cespitosus L.
                 Scirpus cespitosus L. var. austriacus (Pall.) Asch. & Graebn.
                 Scirpus cespitosus L. var. callosus Bigelow
                 Scirpus cespitosus L. var. delicatulus Fernald
Image of Trichophorum cespitosum (L.) Schur
            Trichophorum clintonii (A.Gray) S.G.Sm. * +
              Clinton's bulrush
                 Scirpus clintonii A.Gray
                 Scirpus planifolius Muhl. var. brevifolius Torr.
Image of Trichophorum clintonii (A.Gray) S.G.Sm.
      Family Equisetaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Equisetum L. *
              horsetail, scouring rush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Equisetum hyemale L. subsp. affine (Engelm.) Calder & Roy L.Taylor * +
              common scouring rush, pipes, scouring rush horsetail
                 Equisetum affine Engelm.
                 Equisetum hyemale L. var. affine (Engelm.) A.A.Eaton
                 Equisetum hyemale L. var. californicum Milde
                 Equisetum hyemale L. var. pseudohyemale (Farw.) C.V.Morton
                 Equisetum hyemale L. var. robustum (A.Braun) A.A.Eaton
                 Equisetum prealtum Raf.
                 Equisetum robustum A.Braun
                 Equisetum robustum A.Braun var. affine Engelm.
                 Hippochaete hyemalis (L.) Bruhin subsp. affinis (Engelm.) W.A.Weber
Image of Equisetum hyemale L. subsp. affine (Engelm.) Calder & Roy L.Taylor
            Equisetum laevigatum A.Braun * +
              smooth horsetail, smooth scouring rush
                 Equisetum funstonii A.A.Eaton
                 Equisetum kansanum J.H.Schaffn.
                 Equisetum laevigatum A.Braun subsp. funstonii (A.A.Eaton) Hartm.
                 Hippochaete laevigata (A.Braun) Farw.
Image of Equisetum laevigatum A.Braun
            Equisetum X nelsonii (A.A.Eaton) J.H.Schaffn. (pro sp.) +
              Nelson's horsetail, Nelson's scouring rush
                 (PARENTS = Equisetum laevigatum A.Braun X E. variegatum Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr)
                 Equisetum nelsonii (A.A.Eaton) J.H.Schaffn.
                 Equisetum variegatum Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr var. nelsonii A.A.Eaton
            Equisetum scirpoides Michx. * +
              dwarf scouring rush, sedge horsetail
Image of Equisetum scirpoides Michx.
            Equisetum variegatum Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr subsp. variegatum * +
              variegated horsetail, variegated scouring rush
                 Equisetum variegatum Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr var. anceps Milde
                 Equisetum variegatum Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr var. variegatum
                 Hippochaete variegata (Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr) Bruhin
Image of Equisetum variegatum Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr subsp. variegatum
      Family Juncaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Juncus L. *
              bog rush, rush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Juncus acuminatus Michx. * +
              sharp-fruited rush, taper-tip rush, tufted rush
                 Juncus acuminatus Michx. var. legitimus Engelm.
                 Juncus pallescens E.Mey. ex Buchenau
                 Juncus pondii A.W.Wood
Image of Juncus acuminatus Michx.
            Juncus alpinoarticulatus Chaix * +
              northern green rush
                 Juncus alpinus Vill.
                 Juncus alpinoarticulatus Chaix subsp. americanus (Farw.) Hämet-Ahti
                 Juncus alpinoarticulatus Chaix subsp. fuscescens (Fernald) Hämet-Ahti
                 Juncus alpinoarticulatus Chaix subsp. nodulosus (Wahlenb.) Hämet-Ahti
                 Juncus alpinus Vill. subsp. nodulosus (Wahlenb.) Lindm.
                 Juncus alpinus Vill. var. americanus Farw.
                 Juncus alpinus Vill. var. fuscescens Fernald
                 Juncus alpinus Vill. var. insignis Fr. ex Buchenau
                 Juncus alpinus Vill. var. rariflorus (Hartm.) Hartm.
                 Juncus nodulosus Wahlenb.
                 Juncus rariflorus Hartm.
                 Juncus richardsonianus Schult.
Image of Juncus alpinoarticulatus Chaix
            Juncus arcticus Willd. var. balticus (Willd.) Trautv. * +
              Arctic rush, Baltic rush, wire rush
                 Juncus arcticus Willd. subsp. ater (Rydb.) Hultén
                 Juncus arcticus Willd. subsp. balticus (Willd.) Hyl.
                 Juncus arcticus Willd. subsp. littoralis (Engelm.) Hultén
                 Juncus arcticus Willd. var. gracilis Hook.
                 Juncus arcticus Willd. var. littoralis (Engelm.) B.Boivin
                 Juncus arcticus Willd. var. montanus (Engelm.) S.L.Welsh
                 Juncus arcticus Willd. var. montanus (Engelm.) Balslev
                 Juncus ater Rydb.
                 Juncus balticus Willd.
                 Juncus balticus Willd. subsp. vallicola (Rydb.) Lint
                 Juncus balticus Willd. var. condensatus Suksd.
                 Juncus balticus Willd. var. eremicus Jeps.
                 Juncus balticus Willd. var. littoralis Engelm.
                 Juncus balticus Willd. var. littoralis Engelm. f. dissitiflorus Engelm. ex Fernald & Wiegand
                 Juncus balticus Willd. var. melanogenus Fernald & Wiegand
                 Juncus balticus Willd. var. montanus Engelm.
                 Juncus balticus Willd. var. vallicola Rydb.
                 Juncus breweri Engelm.
                 Juncus vallicola (Rydb.) Rydb.
Image of Juncus arcticus Willd. var. balticus (Willd.) Trautv.
            Juncus articulatus L. * +
              jointed rush
                 Juncus articulatus L. var. obtusatus Engelm.
Image of Juncus articulatus L.
            Juncus brachycephalus (Engelm.) Buchenau * +
              short-headed rush, small-headed rush
                 Juncus brachycephalus (Engelm.) Buchenau f. hexandrus R.F.Martin
                 Juncus canadensis J.Gay var. brachycephalus Engelm.
Image of Juncus brachycephalus (Engelm.) Buchenau
            Juncus brevicaudatus (Engelm.) Fernald * +
              narrow-panicle rush
                 Juncus canadensis J.Gay var. brevicaudatus Engelm.
                 Juncus canadensis J.Gay var. coarctatus Engelm.
                 Juncus canadensis J.Gay var. kuntzei Buchenau
                 Juncus coarctatus (Engelm.) Buchenau
                 Juncus kuntzei (Buchenau) Vierh.
                 Juncus tweedyi Rydb.
Image of Juncus brevicaudatus (Engelm.) Fernald
            Juncus bufonius L. * +
              toad rush
                 Juncus bufonius L. var. congestus (S.Watson) Fernald
                 Juncus bufonius L. var. halophilus Buchenau & Fern.
                 Juncus bufonius L. var. hybridus Farw.
                 Juncus bufonius L. var. occidentalis F.J.Herm.
                 Juncus bufonius L. var. ranarius (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Farw.
                 Juncus congestus S.Watson
                 Juncus ranarius Songeon & E.P.Perrier
Image of Juncus bufonius L.
            Juncus canadensis J.Gay * +
              Canadian rush
                 Juncus canadensis J.Gay f. apertus Fernald
                 Juncus canadensis J.Gay f. canadensis
                 Juncus canadensis J.Gay f. conglobatus Fernald
                 Juncus canadensis J.Gay var. euroauster Fernald
                 Juncus canadensis J.Gay var. longicaudatus Engl.
                 Juncus canadensis J.Gay var. sparsiflorus Fernald
                 Juncus longicaudatus (Engelm.) Mack.
                 Juncus polycephalus Michx. var. paradoxus Torr.
Image of Juncus canadensis J.Gay
            Juncus compressus Jacq. * +
              round-fruited rush
Image of Juncus compressus Jacq.
            Juncus dudleyi Wiegand * +
              Dudley's rush
                 Juncus tenuis Willd. var. dudleyi (Wiegand) F.J.Herm.
                 Juncus tenuis Willd. var. uniflorus auct. pro parte, non Farw.
Image of Juncus dudleyi Wiegand
            Juncus effusus L. * +
              common rush, soft rush
                 Juncus conglomeratus L.
                 Juncus effusus L. subsp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti
                 Juncus effusus L. var. caeruleomontanus H.St.John
                 Juncus effusus L. var. compactus auct. non Lej. & Courtois
                 Juncus effusus L. var. compactus Lej. & Courtois
                 Juncus effusus L. var. conglomeratus (L.) Engelm.
                 Juncus effusus L. var. costulatus Fernald
                 Juncus effusus L. var. decipiens of Amer. authors, not Buchenau
                 Juncus effusus L. var. effusus
                 Juncus effusus L. var. pylaei (Laharpe) Fernald & Wiegand
                 Juncus effusus L. var. solutus Fernald & Wiegand
                 Juncus griscomii Fernald
                 Juncus pylaei Laharpe
Image of Juncus effusus L.
            Juncus ensifolius Wikstr. var. ensifolius * +
              sword-leaf rush
                 Juncus ensifolius Wikstr. var. major Hook.
                 Juncus xiphioides E.Mey. var. triandrus Engelm.
Image of Juncus ensifolius Wikstr. var. ensifolius
            Juncus filiformis L. * +
              thread rush
Image of Juncus filiformis L.
            Juncus gerardii Loisel. * +
              black-grass, salt-meadow rush
Image of Juncus gerardii Loisel.
            Juncus greenei Oakes & Tuck. * +
              Greene's rush
Image of Juncus greenei Oakes & Tuck.
            Juncus interior Wiegand * +
              inland rush, interior rush
                 Juncus interior Wiegand var. interior
Image of Juncus interior Wiegand
            Juncus marginatus Rostk. * +
              grass-leaved rush
                 Juncus biflorus Elliott
                 Juncus marginatus Rostk. var. biflorus (Elliott) Chapm.
                 Juncus marginatus Rostk. var. odoratus Torr.
                 Juncus marginatus Rostk. var. setosus Coville
                 Juncus setosus (Coville) Small
Image of Juncus marginatus Rostk.
            Juncus nodatus Coville
              [Excluded] stout rush
            Juncus nodosus L. * +
              joint rush, jointed rush, knotted rush
                 Juncus nodosus L. var. meridianus F.J.Herm.
                 Juncus nodosus L. var. nodosus
                 Juncus rostkovii E.Mey.
Image of Juncus nodosus L.
            Juncus pelocarpus E.Mey. * +
              brown-fruited rush
                 Juncus abortivus Chapm.
                 Juncus pelocarpus E.Mey. f. submersus Fernald
                 Juncus pelocarpus E.Mey. var. crassicaudex Engelm.
                 Juncus pelocarpus E.Mey. var. pelocarpus
                 Juncus pelocarpus E.Mey. var. sabulonensis H.St.John
Image of Juncus pelocarpus E.Mey.
            Juncus scirpoides Lam.
              [Excluded] needlepod rush, round-headed rush
                 Juncus scirpoides Lam. var. compositus R.M.Harper
                 Juncus scirpoides Lam. var. meridionalis Buchenau
            Juncus squarrosus L. * +
              mosquito rush
Image of Juncus squarrosus L.
            Juncus stygius L. var. americanus Buchenau * +
              bog rush, moor rush
                 Juncus stygius L. subsp. americanus (Buchenau) Hultén
Image of Juncus stygius L. var. americanus Buchenau
            Juncus tenuis Willd. * +
              path rush, poverty rush, roadside rush
                 Juncus macer S.F.Gray
                 Juncus macer S.F.Gray f. williamsii (Fernald) F.J.Herm.
                 Juncus macer S.F.Gray var. williamsii (Fernald) Fernald
                 Juncus tenuis Willd. f. williamsii (Fernald) F.J.Herm.
                 Juncus tenuis Willd. var. multicornis E.Mey.
                 Juncus tenuis Willd. var. tenuis
                 Juncus tenuis Willd. var. williamsii Fernald
Image of Juncus tenuis Willd.
            Juncus torreyi Coville * +
              Torrey's rush
                 Juncus megacephalus (Torr.) A.W.Wood, not M.A.Curtis, 1835
                 Juncus nodosus L. var. megacephalus Torr.
Image of Juncus torreyi Coville
            Juncus vaseyi Engelm. * +
              Vasey's rush
                 Juncus greenei Oakes & Tuck. var. vaseyi (Engelm.) B.Boivin
Image of Juncus vaseyi Engelm.
            Luzula DC. *
              wood rush (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Luzula acuminata Raf. var. acuminata * +
              hairy wood rush
                 Luzula carolinae S.Watson var. saltuensis (Fernald) Fernald
                 Luzula saltuensis Fernald
Image of Luzula acuminata Raf. var. acuminata
            Luzula bulbosa (A.W.Wood) Smyth & L.C.R.Smyth *
              [Excluded] bulbous wood rush
                 Juncoides bulbosum (A.W.Wood) Small
                 Luzula campestris (L.) DC. var. bulbosa A.W.Wood
                 Luzula multiflora (Ehrh.) Lej. var. bulbosa (A.W.Wood) F.J.Herm.
Image of Luzula bulbosa (A.W.Wood) Smyth & L.C.R.Smyth
            Luzula luzuloides (Lam.) Dandy & Wilmott subsp. luzuloides * +
              European wood rush, forest wood rush, oak-forest wood rush
                 Juncus luzuloides Lam.
                 Juncoides nemorosum (Pollard) Kuntze
                 Juncus nemorosus Pollard
                 Luzula albida (Hoffm.) DC.
                 Luzula nemorosa (Pollard) E.Mey., non Hornem.
Image of Luzula luzuloides (Lam.) Dandy & Wilmott subsp. luzuloides
            Luzula multiflora (Ehrh.) Lej. subsp. multiflora * +
              common wood rush
                 Juncus campestris L. var. multiflorus Retz.
                 Juncus multiflorus Ehrh.
                 Luzula campestris (L.) DC. var. multiflora (Retz.) Celak.
Image of Luzula multiflora (Ehrh.) Lej. subsp. multiflora
            Luzula parviflora (Ehrh.) Desv. *
              [Excluded] small-flowered wood rush
                 Juncus melanocarpus Michx.
                 Luzula parviflora (Ehrh.) Desv. subsp. melanocarpa (Michx.) Hämet-Ahti
                 Luzula parviflora (Ehrh.) Desv. var. melanocarpa (Michx.) Buchenau
Image of Luzula parviflora (Ehrh.) Desv.
      Family Poaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Elymus hystrix L. * +
              bottlebrush grass, eastern bottlebrush grass, glumeless wild-rye
                 (for list of synonyms - see the varieties)
Image of Elymus hystrix L.
            Elymus hystrix L. var. bigeloviana (Fernald) Bowden +
              Bigelow's bottlebrush grass, eastern bottlebrush grass
                 Asperella hystrix (L.) Humb. var. bigeloviana Fernald
                 Elymus hystrix L. f. bigelovianus (Fernald) Dore
                 Hystrix patula Moench f. bigeloviana (Fernald) Gleason
                 Hystrix patula Moench var. bigeloviana (Fernald) Deam
            Elymus hystrix L. var. hystrix * +
              bottlebrush grass, eastern bottlebrush grass, glumeless wild-rye
                 Asperella hystrix (L.) Humb.
                 Hystrix hystrix (L.) Millsp.
                 Hystrix patula Moench
Image of Elymus hystrix L. var. hystrix
            Sporobolus R.Br. *
              drop-seed, rush grass (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Sporobolus clandestinus (Biehler) Hitchc. * +
              hidden drop-seed, rough drop-seed, rough rush grass
                 Sporobolus asper (Michx.) Kunth var. canovirens (Nash) Shinners
                 Sporobolus asper (Michx.) Kunth var. clandestinus (Biehler) Shinners
                 Sporobolus canovirens Nash
                 Sporobolus clandestinus (Biehler) Hitchc. var. canovirens (Nash) Steyerm. & Kucera
                 Sporobolus longifolius (Torr.) A.W.Wood
Image of Sporobolus clandestinus (Biehler) Hitchc.
      Family Scrophulariaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Castilleja Mutis ex L.f. *
              Indian paintbrush, painted-cup (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng. * +
              Indian paintbrush, scarlet painted-cup
                 Bartsia coccinea L.
                 Bartsia coccinea L. var. pallens Michx.
                 Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng. f. alba Farw.
                 Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng. f. lutescens Farw.
                 Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng. f. pallens (Michx.) Pennell
Image of Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng.
            Castilleja sessiliflora Pursh * +
              downy yellow painted-cup, downy paintbrush, downy painted-cup
Image of Castilleja sessiliflora Pursh


         
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