Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Search Results:       Common Name: fern


List for printing without synonyms and photos.
Checklist from Wisconsin State Herbarium
Click on taxon for details including: Photos ( * ), Distribution Maps ( + ), Ethnobotany and Google Search.
      Family Aspleniaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Asplenium rhizophyllum L. * +
              walking fern
                 Camptosorus rhizophyllus (L.) Link
Image of Asplenium rhizophyllum L.
      Family Asteraceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Hieracium X fernaldii Lepage
              [Excluded] Fernald's hawkweed
                 (PARENTS = Hieracium canadense Michx. X H. scabrum Michx.)
      Family Azollaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Azolla Lam. *
              mosquito-fern (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Azolla caroliniana Willd. * +
              Carolina mosquito-fern, eastern mosquito-fern
Image of Azolla caroliniana Willd.
            Azolla mexicana C.Presl * +
              floating-fern, Mexican azolla, Mexican mosquito-fern
Image of Azolla mexicana C.Presl
      Family Brassicaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser * +
              bog yellow-cress, common yellow-cress
                 (for list of synonyms - see the subspecies)
Image of Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser
            Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser subsp. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Jonsell +
              Fernald's yellow-cress, marsh-cress
                 Rorippa hispida (Desv.) Britton var. glabrata Lunell
                 Rorippa islandica (Oeder) Borbs subsp. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Hultn
                 Rorippa islandica (Oeder) Borbs var. fernaldiana Butters & Abbe
                 Rorippa islandica (Oeder) Borbs var. glabra (O.E.Schulz) Welsh & Reveal
                 Rorippa islandica (Oeder) Borbs var. glabrata (Lunell) Butters & Abbe
                 Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser subsp. glabra (O.E.Schulz) Stuckey
                 Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser subsp. glabra (O.E.Schulz) Stuckey var. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Stuckey
                 Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser var. cernua (Nutt.) Stuckey
                 Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser var. dictyota (Greene) Stuckey
                 Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser var. elongata Stuckey
                 Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser var. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Stuckey
                 Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser var. glabrata (Lunell) Stuckey
                 Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser var. glabra (O.E.Schulz) Stuckey
      Family Cyperaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Carex merritt-fernaldii Mack. * +
              Fernald's oval sedge, Fernald's sedge
                 Carex brevior (Dewey) Mack. var. pseudofestucacea Farw.
Image of Carex merritt-fernaldii Mack.
      Family Dennstaedtiaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.) T.Moore * +
              eastern hay-scented fern, hay-scented fern
                 Nephrodium punctilobulum Michx.
Image of Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.) T.Moore
            Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. latiusculum (Desv.) Underw. ex A.Heller * +
              bracken, bracken fern, eastern bracken fern
                 Pteridium latiusculum (Desv.) Fr.
                 Pteris latiuscula Desv.
Image of Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. latiusculum (Desv.) Underw. ex A.Heller
      Family Dryopteridaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. angustum (Willd.) G.Lawson * +
              common lady fern, lady fern, northeastern lady fern, northern lady fern
                 Aspidium angustum Willd.
                 Asplenium elatius Link
                 Athyrium angustum (Willd.) C.Presl
                 Athyrium angustum (Willd.) C.Presl var. elatius (Link) Butters
                 Athyrium angustum (Willd.) C.Presl var. rubellum (Gilbert) Butters
                 Athyrium angustum (Willd.) C.Presl var. subtripinnatum Butters
                 Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. subsp. angustum (Willd.) R.T.Clausen
                 Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. michauxii (Spreng.) Farw.
                 Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. michauxii (Spreng.) Farw. f. elatius (Link) Clute
                 Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. michauxii (Spreng.) Farw. f. rubellum (Gilbert) Farw.
                 Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. rubellum Gilbert
Image of Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. angustum (Willd.) G.Lawson
            Cystopteris Bernh. *
              bladder fern, brittle fern (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Cystopteris bulbifera (L.) Bernh. * +
              bladder fern, bulblet bladder fern, bulblet fragile fern
                 Filix bulbifera (L.) Underw.
                 Polypodium bulbiferum L.
Image of Cystopteris bulbifera (L.) Bernh.
            Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. * +
              bladder fern, brittle bladder fern, northern fragile fern
                 Cystopteris dickieana Sim
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. subsp. dickieana (Sim) Hyl.
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. angustata Lawson
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. fragilis
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. woodsioides H.Christ
                 Filix fragilis (L.) Gilib.
                 Polypodium fragile L.
Image of Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh.
            Cystopteris X illinoensis R.C.Moran +
              Illinois bladder fern
                 (PARENTS = Cystopteris bulbifera (L.) Bernh. X C. tenuis (Michx.) Desv.)
            Cystopteris laurentiana (Weath.) Blasdell * +
              Laurentian bladder fern, St. Lawrence bladder fern
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. huteri (Hausm.) Luerss.
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. laurentiana Weath.
                 Cystopteris X laurentiana (Weath.) Blasdell
Image of Cystopteris laurentiana (Weath.) Blasdell
            Cystopteris protrusa (Weath.) Blasdell * +
              creeping fragile fern, lowland bladder fern
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. protrusa Weath.
Image of Cystopteris protrusa (Weath.) Blasdell
            Cystopteris tennesseensis Shaver * +
              Tennessee bladder fern
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. f. simulans Weath.
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. simulans (Weath.) McGregor
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. tennesseensis (Shaver) McGregor
                 Cystopteris X tennesseensis Shaver
Image of Cystopteris tennesseensis Shaver
            Cystopteris tenuis (Michx.) Desv. * +
              MacKay's brittle fern, upland brittle bladder fern
                 Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. mackayi G.Lawson
                 Nephrodium tenue Michx.
Image of Cystopteris tenuis (Michx.) Desv.
            Deparia acrostichoides (Sw.) M.Kato * +
              silver false spleenwort, silvery glade fern, silvery spleenwort
                 Asplenium acrostichoides Sw.
                 Athyrium acrostichoides (Sw.) Diels
                 Athyrium thelypterioides (Michx.) Desv.
                 Athyrium thelypterioides (Michx.) Desv. f. acrostichoides (Sw.) Gilbert
                 Diplazium acrostichoides (Sw.) Butters
Image of Deparia acrostichoides (Sw.) M.Kato
            Diplazium pycnocarpon (Spreng.) M.Broun * +
              glade fern, narrow-leaved glade fern, narrow-leaved spleenwort
                 Asplenium angustifolium Michx.
                 Asplenium pycnocarpon Spreng.
                 Athyrium angustifolium (Michx.) Milde
                 Athyrium pycnocarpon (Spreng.) Tidestr.
                 Homalosorus pycnocarpos (Spreng.) Pic.Serm.
Image of Diplazium pycnocarpon (Spreng.) M.Broun
            Dryopteris Adans. *
              shield fern, wood fern (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Dryopteris X boottii (Tuck.) Underw. (pro sp.) * +
              Boott's wood fern
                 (PARENTS = Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray X D. intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray)
                 Aspidium boottii Tuck.
                 Thelypteris boottii (Tuck.) Nieuwl.
Image of Dryopteris X boottii (Tuck.) Underw. (pro sp.)
            Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs * +
              spinulose wood fern, toothed wood fern
                 Aspidium spinulosum (O.F.Mll.) Sw.
                 Dryopteris austriaca (Jacq.) Woyn. var. spinulosa (O.F.Mll) Fiori
                 Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Mll.) Watt
                 Polypodium carthusianum Vill.
                 Polypodium spinulosum O.F.Mll.
                 Thelypteris spinulosa (O.F.Mll.) Nieuwl.
Image of Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs
            Dryopteris clintoniana (D.C.Eaton) Dowell * +
              Clinton's shield fern, Clinton's wood fern
                 Aspidium cristatum (L.) Sw. var. clintonianum D.C.Eaton
                 Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray var. clintoniana (D.C.Eaton) Underw.
                 Dryopteris X poyseri Wherry
                 Thelypteris cristata (L.) Nieuwl. var. clintoniana (D.C.Eaton) Weath.
Image of Dryopteris clintoniana (D.C.Eaton) Dowell
            Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray * +
              crested shield fern, crested wood fern
                 Aspidium cristatum (L.) Sw.
                 Polypodium cristatum L.
                 Thelypteris cristata (L.) Nieuwl.
Image of Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray
            Dryopteris expansa (C.Presl) Fraser-Jenk. & Jermy * +
              northern wood fern, spreading wood fern
                 Aspidium spinulosum (O.F.Mll.) Sw. var. americanum Fisch. ex Kunze
                 Dryopteris assimilis S.Walker
                 Dryopteris dilatata auct. non (Hoffm.) A.Gray
                 Dryopteris dilatata (Hoffm.) A.Gray subsp. americana (Fisch. ex Kunze) Hultn
                 Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Mll.) Watt var. americana (Fisch. ex Kunze) Fernald
                 Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Mll.) Watt var. dilatata auct. non (Hoffm.) Underw.
                 Nephrodium expansum C.Presl
                 Thelypteris spinulosa (O.F.Mll.) Nieuwl. var. americana (Fisch. ex Kunze) Weath.
Image of Dryopteris expansa (C.Presl) Fraser-Jenk. & Jermy
            Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott * +
              male fern
                 Polypodium filix-mas L.
Image of Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott
            Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott * +
              fragrant fern, fragrant wood fern
                 Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott var. remotiuscula Kom.
                 Polypodium fragrans L.
                 Thelypteris fragrans (L.) Nieuwl.
                 Thelypteris fragrans (L.) Nieuwl. var. hookeriana Fernald
Image of Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott
            Dryopteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) A.Gray * +
              giant wood fern, Goldie's fern, Goldie's wood fern
                 Aspidium goldianum Hook. ex Goldie
                 Thelypteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) Nieuwl.
Image of Dryopteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) A.Gray
            Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray * +
              fancy wood fern, glandular wood fern, intermediate wood fern
                 Aspidium intermedium Muhl. ex Willd.
                 Aspidium spinulosum (O.F.Mll.) Sw. var. intermedium (Muhl. ex Willd.) D.C.Eaton
                 Dryopteris austriaca (Jacq.) Woyn. var. intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) C.V.Morton
                 Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Mll.) Watt var. intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) Underw.
                 Thelypteris spinulosa (O.F.Mll.) Nieuwl. var. intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nieuwl.
Image of Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray
            Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray X D. marginalis (L.) A.Gray +
              glandular marginal wood fern
            Dryopteris marginalis (L.) A.Gray * +
              marginal shield fern, marginal wood fern
                 Aspidium marginale (L.) Sw.
                 Polypodium marginale L.
                 Thelypteris marginalis (L.) Nieuwl.
Image of Dryopteris marginalis (L.) A.Gray
            Dryopteris X pittsfordensis Sloss. +
              Pittsford's wood fern
                 (PARENTS = Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs X D. marginalis (L.) A.Gray)
            Dryopteris X slossonae Wherry ex Lellinger * +
              Slosson's wood fern
                 (PARENTS = Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray X D. marginalis (L.) A.Gray)
Image of Dryopteris X slossonae Wherry ex Lellinger
            Dryopteris X triploidea Wherry +
              triploid wood fern
                 (PARENTS = Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs X D. intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray)
                 Dryopteris austriaca (Jacq.) Woyn. var. fructuosa (Gilbert) C.V.Morton
                 Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray var. fructuosa (Gilbert) Wherry
                 Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Mll.) Watt var. fructuosa (Gilbert) Trudell
                 Thelypteris spinulosa (O.F.Mll.) Nieuwl. var. fructuosa (Gilbert) Fernald
            Dryopteris X uliginosa (A.Braun ex Dowell) Druce +
              spinulose crested wood fern
                 (PARENTS = Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs X D. cristata (L.) A.Gray)
                 Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray X D. spinulosa (O.F.Mll.) Watt
            Gymnocarpium Newman *
              oak fern (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Gymnocarpium X brittonianum (Sarvela) K.M.Pryer & Haufler
              [Excluded] oak fern
                 (PARENTS = Gymnocarpium disjunctum (Rupr.) Ching X G. dryopteris (L.) Newman)
            Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman * +
              common oak fern, western oak fern
                 Dryopteris disjuncta (Rupr.) C.V.Morton
                 Dryopteris dryopteris (L.) Britton
                 Dryopteris linnaeana C.Chr.
                 Lastrea dryopteris (L.) Bory
                 Phegopteris dryopteris (L.) Fe
                 Polypodium dryopteris L.
                 Thelypteris dryopteris (L.) Sloss.
Image of Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman
            Gymnocarpium X heterosporum W.H.Wagner
              [Excluded] black-spore oak fern
                 (PARENTS = Gymnocarpium appalachianum Pryer X G. robertianum (Hoffm.) Newman)
            Gymnocarpium X intermedium Sarvela +
              intermediate oak fern
                 (PARENTS = Gymnocarpium jessoense (Koidz.) Koidz. subsp. parvulum Sarvela X G. robertianum (Hoffm.) Newman)
                 Dryopteris linnaeana C.Chr. f. glandulosa R.M.Tryon
            Gymnocarpium jessoense (Koidz.) Koidz. subsp. parvulum Sarvela * +
              Asian oak fern, Nahanni oak fern, northern oak fern
Image of Gymnocarpium jessoense (Koidz.) Koidz. subsp. parvulum Sarvela
            Gymnocarpium robertianum (Hoffm.) Newman * +
              limestone oak fern, scented oak fern
                 Dryopteris robertiana (Hoffm.) C.Chr.
                 Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman var. pumilum (DC.) B.Boivin
                 Phegopteris robertiana (Hoffm.) Fe
                 Polypodium robertianum Hoffm.
                 Thelypteris robertiana (Hoffm.) Sloss.
Image of Gymnocarpium robertianum (Hoffm.) Newman
            Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro var. pensylvanica (Willd.) C.V.Morton * +
              American ostrich fern, ostrich fern
                 Matteuccia pensylvanica (Willd.) Raymond
                 Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro var. pubescens (Terry) Clute
                 Onoclea struthiopteris (L.) Hoffm. var. pensylvanica (Willd.) B.Boivin
                 Pteretis nodulosa (Michx.) Nieuwl.
                 Pteretis nodulosa (Michx.) Nieuwl. f. pubescens (Terry) Fernald
                 Pteretis pensylvanica (Willd.) Fernald
                 Pteretis pensylvanica (Willd.) Fernald f. pubescens (Terry) Fernald
                 Pteretis struthiopteris (L.) Nieuwl.
                 Struthiopteris pensylvanica Willd.
Image of Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro var. pensylvanica (Willd.) C.V.Morton
            Onoclea sensibilis L. * +
              sensitive fern
                 Onoclea sensibilis L. f. obtusilobata (Schkuhr) Gilbert
                 Onoclea sensibilis L. var. obtusilobata (Schkuhr) Torr.
Image of Onoclea sensibilis L.
            Polystichum Roth *
              Christmas fern, holly fern, sword fern (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott * +
              Christmas fern
                 Nephrodium acrostichoides Michx.
                 Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott var. acrostichoides
                 Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott var. schweinitzii (Beck) Small
Image of Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott
            Polystichum braunii (Spenn.) Fe * +
              Braun's holly fern
                 Aspidium braunii Spenn.
                 Polystichum braunii (Spenn.) Fe subsp. purshii (Fernald) Calder & Roy L.Taylor
                 Polystichum braunii (Spenn.) Fe var. purshii Fernald
Image of Polystichum braunii (Spenn.) Fe
            Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth * +
              northern holly fern
                 Polypodium lonchitis L.
Image of Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth
            Woodsia R.Br. *
              cliff fern (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Woodsia X abbeae Butters * +
              Butter's cliff fern
                 (PARENTS = Woodsia ilvensis (L.) R.Br. X W. oregana D.C.Eaton subsp. carthcartiana (B.L.Rob.) Windham)
                 Woodsia confusa T.M.C.Taylor
                 Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton var. squammosa B.Boivin
Image of Woodsia X abbeae Butters
            Woodsia ilvensis (L.) R.Br. * +
              rusty cliff fern, rusty woodsia
                 Acrostichum ilvense L.
Image of Woodsia ilvensis (L.) R.Br.
            Woodsia obtusa (Spreng.) Torr. subsp. obtusa * +
              blunt-lobe cliff fern, blunt-lobed woodsia
                 Polypodium obtusum Spreng.
Image of Woodsia obtusa (Spreng.) Torr. subsp. obtusa
            Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton subsp. cathcartiana (B.L.Rob.) Windham * +
              Cathcart's cliff fern, Oregon cliff fern, Oregon woodsia, western cliff fern
                 Woodsia cathcartiana B.L.Rob.
                 Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton f. cathcartiana (B.L.Rob.) B.Boivin
                 Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton f. glandulosa T.M.C.Taylor
                 Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton var. cathcartiana (B.L.Rob.) C.V.Morton
                 Woodsia pusilla E.Fourn. var. cathcartiana (B.L.Rob.) T.M.C.Taylor
Image of Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton subsp. cathcartiana (B.L.Rob.) Windham
            Woodsia scopulina D.C.Eaton *
              [Excluded] mountain cliff fern, Rocky Mountain woodsia
Image of Woodsia scopulina D.C.Eaton
      Family Myricaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Comptonia peregrina (L.) J.M.Coult. * +
              sweet-fern
                 Comptonia ceterach Mirb.
                 Comptonia peregrina (L.) J.M.Coult. var. asplenifolia (L.) Fernald
                 Comptonia peregrina (L.) J.M.Coult. var. tomentosa A.Chev.
                 Liquidambar peregrina L.
                 Myrica asplenifolia L.
                 Myrica asplenifolia L. var. tomentosa (A.Chev.) Gleason
                 Myrica comptonia C.DC.
                 Myrica peregrina (L.) Kuntze
Image of Comptonia peregrina (L.) J.M.Coult.
            Myrica gale L. * +
              meadow-fern, sweet gale
                 Gale palustris (Lam.) A.Chev.
                 Gale palustris (Lam.) A.Chev. var. denticulata A.Chev.
                 Gale palustris (Lam.) A.Chev. var. lusitanica A.Chev.
                 Gale palustris (Lam.) A.Chev. var. subglabra A.Chev.
                 Gale palustris (Lam.) A.Chev. var. tomentosa (C.DC.) A.Chev.
                 Myrica gale L. var. gale
                 Myrica gale L. var. subglabra (A.Chev.) Fernald
                 Myrica gale L. var. tomentosa C.DC.
                 Myrica palustris Lam.
Image of Myrica gale L.
      Family Ophioglossaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Botrychium Sw. *
              grape fern, moonwort (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Botrychium dissectum Spreng. * +
              cut-leaved grape fern, dissected grape fern, lace-frond grape fern
                 Botrychium dissectum Spreng. f. dissectum
                 Botrychium dissectum Spreng. f. elongatum (Gilbert & Haberer) Weath.
                 Botrychium dissectum Spreng. f. obliquum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Fernald
                 Botrychium dissectum Spreng. var. dissectum
                 Botrychium dissectum Spreng. var. obliquum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Clute
                 Botrychium dissectum Spreng. var. oblongifolium (E.W.Graves) M.Broun
                 Botrychium obliquum Muhl. ex Willd.
                 Botrychium obliquum Muhl. ex Willd. var. dissectum (Spreng.) Prantl
                 Botrychium obliquum Muhl. ex Willd. var. elongatum Gilbert & Haberer
Image of Botrychium dissectum Spreng.
            Botrychium lanceolatum (S.G.Gmel.) ngstr. subsp. angustisegmentum (Pease & A.H.Moore) R.T.Clausen * +
              lance-leaved grape fern, narrow triangle moonwort, triangle grape fern, triangle moonwort
                 Botrychium angustisegmentum (Pease & A.H.Moore) Fernald
                 Botrychium lanceolatum (S.G.Gmel.) ngstr. var. angustisegmentum Pease & A.H.Moore
Image of Botrychium lanceolatum (S.G.Gmel.) ngstr. subsp. angustisegmentum (Pease & A.H.Moore) R.T.Clausen
            Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw. * +
              common moonwort, moonwort grape fern
                 Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw. var. onondagense (Underw.) House
                 Botrychium onondagense Underw.
                 Osmunda lunaria L.
Image of Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw.
            Botrychium matricariifolium (Dll) A.Braun ex W.D.J.Koch * +
              daisy-leaf grape fern, daisy-leaf moonwort, matricary grape fern
                 Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw. var. matricariifolium Dll
                 Botrychium matricariifolium (Dll) A.Braun ex W.D.J.Koch var. matricariifolium
                 Botrychium neglectum A.W.Wood
Image of Botrychium matricariifolium (Dll) A.Braun ex W.D.J.Koch
            Botrychium mormo W.H.Wagner * +
              goblin fern, little goblin moonwort
Image of Botrychium mormo W.H.Wagner
            Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. * +
              leathery grape fern, leather-leaved grape fern
                 Botrychium californicum Underw.
                 Botrychium coulteri Underw.
                 Botrychium matricariae (Schrank) Spreng.
                 Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. subsp. californicum (Underw.) R.T.Clausen
                 Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. subsp. coulteri (Underw.) R.T.Clausen
                 Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. subsp. silaifolium (C.Presl) R.T.Clausen
                 Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. var. californicum (Underw.) M.Broun
                 Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. var. coulteri (Underw.) M.Broun
                 Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. var. intermedium (D.C.Eaton) Farw.
                 Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. var. robustum (Rupr.) C.Chr.
                 Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. var. silaifolium (C.Presl) Broun
                 Botrychium silaifolium C.Presl
                 Botrychium silaifolium C.Presl var. coulteri (Underw.) Jeps.
                 Botrychium ternatum (Thunb.) Sw. var. intermedium D.C.Eaton
                 Osmunda multifida S.G.Gmel.
Image of Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr.
            Botrychium oneidense (Gilbert) House * +
              blunt-lobed grape fern, Oneida grape fern
                 Botrychium dissectum Spreng. f. oneidense (Gilbert) Clute
                 Botrychium dissectum Spreng. var. oneidense (Gilbert) Farw.
                 Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. var. oneidense (Gilbert) Farw.
                 Botrychium obliquum Muhl. ex Willd. var. oneidense (Gilbert) Waters
                 Botrychium ternatum (Thunb.) Sw. var. oneidense Gilbert
Image of Botrychium oneidense (Gilbert) House
            Botrychium rugulosum W.H.Wagner * +
              St. Lawrence grape fern, rugulose grape fern, ternate grape fern
                 Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. f. dentatum R.M.Tryon
                 Botrychium ternatum auct. non (Thunb.) Sw.
Image of Botrychium rugulosum W.H.Wagner
            Botrychium simplex E.Hitchc. * +
              least moonwort, little grape fern, small grape fern
                 Botrychium simplex E.Hitchc. subsp. typicum R.T.Clausen
                 Botrychium simplex E.Hitchc. var. laxifolium R.T.Clausen, non (R.T.Clausen) Fernald
                 Botrychium simplex E.Hitchc. var. simplex
                 Botrychium simplex E.Hitchc. var. tenebrosum (A.A.Eaton) R.T.Clausen
                 Botrychium tenebrosum A.A.Eaton
Image of Botrychium simplex E.Hitchc.
            Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw. * +
              rattlesnake fern
                 Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw. subsp. europaeum (ngstr.) Jav.
                 Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw. var. europaeum ngstr.
                 Osmunda virginiana L.
Image of Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw.
      Family Osmundaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Osmunda L. *
              flowering fern (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Osmunda cinnamomea L. * +
              cinnamon fern
                 Osmunda cinnamomea L. f. frondosa (Torr. & A.Gray) Britton
                 Osmunda cinnamomea L. f. incisa (Huntington) Gilbert
                 Osmunda cinnamomea L. var. cinnamomea
                 Osmunda cinnamomea L. var. frondosa Torr. & A.Gray
                 Osmunda cinnamomea L. var. glandulosa Waters
Image of Osmunda cinnamomea L.
            Osmunda claytoniana L. * +
              interrupted fern
Image of Osmunda claytoniana L.
            Osmunda regalis L. var. spectabilis (Willd.) A.Gray * +
              American royal fern, flowering fern, royal fern
                 Osmunda spectabilis Willd.
Image of Osmunda regalis L. var. spectabilis (Willd.) A.Gray
            Osmunda X ruggii R.M.Tryon * +
              flowering fern
                 (PARENTS = Osmunda claytoniana L. X Osmunda regalis L.)
Image of Osmunda X ruggii R.M.Tryon
      Family Poaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Desmazeria rigida (L.) Tutin *
              [Excluded] fern grass
                 Catapodium rigidum (L.) C.E.Hubb. ex Dony
                 Poa rigida L.
                 Scleropoa rigida (L.) Griseb.
Image of Desmazeria rigida (L.) Tutin
            Torreyochloa fernaldii (Hitchc.) Church * +
              Fernald's false manna grass
                 Glyceria fernaldii (Hitchc.) H.St.John
                 Glyceria pallida (Torr.) Trin. var. fernaldii Hitchc.
                 Puccinellia fernaldii (Hitchc.) E.G.Voss
                 Torreyochloa pallida (Torr.) Church var. fernaldii (Hitchc.) Dore ex Koyama & Kawano
Image of Torreyochloa fernaldii (Hitchc.) Church
      Family Polypodiaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Polypodium virginianum L. * +
              common polypody, rock-cap fern, rock polypody
                 Polypodium vinlandicum A.Lve & D.Lve
                 Polypodium vulgare auct. pro parte, non L.
                 Polypodium vulgare L. var. americanum Hook.
                 Polypodium vulgare L. var. virginianum (L.) D.C.Eaton
Image of Polypodium virginianum L.
      Family Potamogetonaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Potamogeton robbinsii Oakes * +
              fern pondweed, Robbins' pondweed
                 Potamogeton robbinsii Oakes f. cultellatus Fassett
Image of Potamogeton robbinsii Oakes
      Family Pteridaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Adiantum aleuticum (Rupr.) Paris *
              [Excluded] Aleutian maidenhair fern, western maidenhair fern
                 Adiantum pedatum L. subsp. aleuticum (Rupr.) Calder & Roy L.Taylor
                 Adiantum pedatum L. subsp. calderi Cody
                 Adiantum pedatum L. subsp. subpumilum (W.H.Wagner) Lellinger
                 Adiantum pedatum L. var. aleuticum Rupr.
                 Adiantum pedatum L. var. subpumilum W.H.Wagner
Image of Adiantum aleuticum (Rupr.) Paris
            Adiantum pedatum L. * +
              maidenhair fern, northern maidenhair fern
Image of Adiantum pedatum L.
            Cheilanthes Sw. *
              lip fern (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Cheilanthes feei T.Moore * +
              slender lip fern
Image of Cheilanthes feei T.Moore
            Cheilanthes lanosa (Michx.) D.C.Eaton * +
              hairy lip fern, woolly lip fern
                 Cheilanthes vestita (Spreng.) Sw.
                 Nephrodium lanosum Michx.
Image of Cheilanthes lanosa (Michx.) D.C.Eaton
      Family Scrophulariaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. * +
              annual false foxglove, clammy false foxglove
                 (for list of synonyms - see the varieties)
Image of Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf.
            Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. ambigens (Fernald) Farw. +
              annual false foxglove, clammy false foxglove, fern-leaf yellow false foxglove
                 Agalinis pedicularia (L.) S.F.Blake var. ambigens (Fernald) S.F.Blake
                 Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. subsp. ambigens (Fernald) Pennell
                 Gerardia pedicularia L. var. ambigens Fernald
            Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. intercedens Pennell +
              annual false foxglove, clammy false foxglove, fern-leaf yellow false foxglove
                 Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. subsp. intercedens (Pennell) Pennell
                 Gerardia pedicularia L. var. intercedens (Pennell) Fernald
            Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. pedicularia * +
              annual false foxglove, clammy false foxglove, fern-leaf yellow false foxglove
                 Agalinis pedicularia (L.) S.F.Blake
                 Agalinis pedicularia (L.) S.F.Blake var. caesariensis (Pennell) S.F.Blake
                 Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. subsp. caesariensis Pennell
                 Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. subsp. carolinensis Pennell
                 Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. subsp. typica Pennell
                 Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. caesariensis (Pennell) Pennell
                 Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. carolinensis (Pennell) Pennell
                 Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. typica (Pennell) Deam
                 Dasistoma pedicularia (L.) Benth.
                 Gerardia pedicularia L.
Image of Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. pedicularia
      Family Thelypteridaceae (click for list of genera only)  
            Phegopteris (C.Presl) Fe *
              beech fern (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Phegopteris connectilis (Michx.) Watt * +
              Narrow beech fern, northern beech fern
                 Dryopteris phegopteris (L.) C.Chr.
                 Phegopteris polypodioides Fe
                 Polypodium connectile Michx.
                 Polypodium phegopteris L.
                 Thelypteris phegopteris (L.) Sloss.
Image of Phegopteris connectilis (Michx.) Watt
            Phegopteris connectilis (Michx.) Watt X P. hexagonoptera (Michx.) Fe * +
Image of Phegopteris connectilis (Michx.) Watt X P. hexagonoptera (Michx.) Fe
            Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) Fe * +
              broad beech fern, southern beech fern
                 Dryopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) C.Chr.
                 Polypodium hexagonopterum Michx.
                 Thelypteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) Nieuwl.
Image of Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) Fe
            Thelypteris Schmidel *
              female fern (DISTRIBUTION MAP GALLERY of SPECIES)
            Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl. *
              [Excluded] New York fern
Image of Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl.
            Thelypteris palustris Schott var. pubescens (Lawson) Fernald * +
              eastern marsh fern, marsh fern
                 Dryopteris thelypteris auct. non (L.) Sw.
                 Dryopteris thelypteris (L.) A.Gray var. haleana (Fernald) M.Broun & Weath.
                 Dryopteris thelypteris (L.) A.Gray var. pubescens (G.Lawson) Weath.
                 Lastrea thelypteris (L.) Bory var. pubescens Lawson
                 Thelypteris confluens (Thunb.) C.V.Morton var. pubescens (Lawson) Pringle
                 Thelypteris palustris Schott var. haleana Fernald
Image of Thelypteris palustris Schott var. pubescens (Lawson) Fernald
            Thelypteris simulata (Davenp.) Nieuwl. * +
              bog fern, Massachusetts fern
                 Aspidium simulatum Davenp.
                 Dryopteris simulata Davenp.
                 Parathelypteris simulata (Davenp.) Holttum
Image of Thelypteris simulata (Davenp.) Nieuwl.


         
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