Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


  Celtis occidentalis L. image
Photographer: Kitty Kohout           

Botancial Illustration

Derek Anderson

Dennis W. Woodland

Kenneth J. Sytsma

Paul Drobot

Paul Drobot

Robert R. Kowal
Family Ulmaceae
Celtis occidentalis L.
northern hackberry
Celtis: Greek name for some other tree
occidentalis: Latin for "western"
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Native
Plant: perennial tree with a rounded crown; gray, deeply furrow bark becoming warty with age; no thorns, wood light yellow
Flower: inflorescence of hanging, dense clusters; blooms March-May
Fruit:dark orange berry turning dark purple to black when ripe, pit cream colored
Leaf:lance-like oval to widely oval or triangular, leathery, base widely pointed, edges with 10-40 teeth occurring well past the middle, surface rough
Habitat: moist; streambanks, floodplains, woodlands, in rich soil
(Glossary)

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Celtis list Ethnobotany Information Google- Images or Text

Flora of North America (off site)
Synonyms 
Celtis canina Raf.
Celtis crassifolia Lam.
Celtis occidentalis L. var. canina (Raf.) Sarg.
Celtis occidentalis L. var. crassifolia (Lam.) A.Gray
Celtis occidentalis L. var. occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis L. var. pumila (Pursh) A.Gray
Celtis pumila Pursh
Celtis pumila Pursh var. deamii Sarg.

         
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