Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


  Betula papyrifera Marshall image
Photographer: Paul Drobot           

Botanical Illustration

Derek Anderson

Derek Anderson

Darrin Kimbler

John M. Schoeneker

Kenneth J. Sytsma

Kenneth J. Sytsma

Know Your Trees

Michael Clayton

Matthew L. Wagner

Matthew L. Wagner

Paul Drobot

Paul Drobot

Robert W. Freckmann

James R. Sime
Family Betulaceae
Betula papyrifera Marshall
canoe birch, paper birch, white birch
Betula: ancient Latin name
papyrifera: paper like from papyrus
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Native
Plant: perennial tree usually less than 65' tall, often slightly leaning, usually 1 but sometimes 2 or more trunks, crowns narrowly rounded; young bark dark reddish brown, smooth, turning creamy to chalky white with age and peeling in large, thin sheets; pale, horizontal lenticels getting dark with age; no wintergreen odor or taste
Flower: catkin 1"-2" long; blooms in late spring
Fruit:cylindrical, hanging fruit clusters; samara wings as wide or wider than the body
Leaf:ovate with a sharp point, single or twice cut to toothed, mostly with a rounded base, very sparsely hairy below
Habitat: moist to dry; disturbed sites, upland woods, rocky slopes; often only on N-facing hillsides
Notes: very similar to B cordifolia (Mountain white birch) except usually slightly leaning and with few lower branches
(Glossary)

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Betula list Ethnobotany Information Google- Images or Text

Flora of North America (off site)
Synonyms 
Betula alba L. var. elobata Fernald
Betula alba L. var. papyrifera (Marshall) Spach
Betula papyracea Aiton
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. elobata (Fernald) Sarg.
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. macrostachya Fernald
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. pensilis Fernald
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fernald
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
Betula subcordata Rydb.

         
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