Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


Because of technology changes and personnel changes at UWSP and the Wisconsin State Herbarium, the database of plant species housed at this site was merged with the database from the OLD WisFlora website to create a new Flora of Wisconsin website at Currently we are encouraging all Wisplant viewers to begin using the Flora of Wisconsin website as soon as possible. Wisplants will remain operational through July 13th. After that date, all traffic to Wisplants will be redirected to the Flora of Wisconsin website.

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Thank you.

  Betula nigra L. image
Photographer: Robert W. Freckmann           

Botancial Illustration

Darrin Kimbler

Dennis W. Woodland

Emmet J. Judziewicz

Matthew L. Wagner

Christopher Noll

Kurt Stüber
Family Betulaceae
Betula nigra L.
black birch, red birch, river birch
Betula: ancient Latin name
nigra: Latin for "black"
County distribution map- click for detailed distribution maps.
Detailed Distribution:
Town Range Maps
Google Dot Maps
Status: Native
Plant: perennial tree to 80' tall, often several trunks, rounded crown; mature trees with smooth, grayish brown, yellowish, reddish, or creamy white bark irregularly peeling in shaggy pieces with time; dark, horizontal lenticels; twigs with no wintergreen taste or smell
Flower: blooms in late spring
Fruit:conical to round, erect fruit clusters; scales often remaining into early winter; samara wings narrower than the body and usually widest near the top
Leaf:leaves rhombic-oval, edges coarsely doubly cut to toothed
Habitat: moist to wet; riverbanks, floodplains
Notes: often hybirdizes

More Information Natural Communities Herbarium Specimens
All Betula list Ethnobotany Information Google- Images or Text

Flora of North America (off site)
Betula rubra F.Michx.

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