Natural Communities of Wisconsin

Geological Features and Primary Communities:
Lakes and ponds:
      Ephemeral Pond
      Lake-- deep, hard, drainage or seepage
      Lake-- deep, soft, drainage or seepage
      Lake-- deep, very soft, seepage
      Lake-- hard bog
      Lake-- meromictic
      Lake-- oxbow
      Lake-- shallow, hard, drainage or seepage
      Lake-- shallow, soft, drainage or seepage
      Lake-- shallow, very hard, drainage [marl]
      Lake-- soft bog
      Lake-- spring
      Lake-- unique
      Spring pond
Savannas and Woodlands:
      Cedar glade
      Great Lakes barrens
      Oak barrens
      Oak openings
      Oak woodlands
      Pine Barrens
Shrub Communities:
      Alder Thicket
      Bog relict
      Muskeg
      Patterened peatland
      Shrub-carr
Streams and Spring Runs:
      Spring and spring runs, hard or soft
      Stream-- fast, hard, cold or warm
      Stream-- fast, soft, cold or warm
      Stream-- slow, hard, cold or warm
      Stream-- slow, soft, cold or warm
Upland Forests:
      Boreal forest
      Central sands pine-oak forest
      Forested ridge and swale
      Hemlock relict
      Mesic cedar forest
      Mesic floodplain terrace
      Northern dry, dry-mesic, or mesic forest
      Pine relict
      Southern dry, dry-mesic, or mesic forest
Upland Herbaceous Communities:
      Bracken grassland
      Dry, dry-mesic, or mesic prairie
      Sand barrens
      Sand prairie
Wetland Forests:
      [Northern] hardwood swamp [includes black ash swamp
      Black spruce swamp
      Floodplain forest
      Forested seep
      Northern wet forest
      Northern wet-mesic forest [includes white cedar swamp]
      Southern hardwood swamp
      Tamarack [poor] swamp
      Tamarack [rich] swamp [includes tamarack fen]
      White pine-red maple swamp
Wetland Herbaceous Communities:
      [Northern] poor fen
      Boreal rich fen
      Calcareous fen
      Central poor fen
      Coastal plain marsh
      Emergent aquatic and/or wild rice
      Interdunal wetland
      Northern sedge meadow
      Open bog
      Sand meadow
      Shore fen
      Southern sedge meadow
      Submerged aquatic and/or oligotrophic marsh
      Wet or wet-mesic prairie

Vascular Plants

Plants of Wisconsin

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Natural Communities