Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium





 CRONQUIST, 1955 (modified: Heywood et al., 1977)


I. Asteroideae

A. Heliantheae (sensu lato)

     1. Heliantheae

     2. Tageteae

     3. Helenieae (accepted for reasons of expedience)

      B. Astereae

              C. Anthemideae

    D. Arctoteae

         E. Inuleae

F. Senecioneae

G. Calenduleae

H. Eupatorieae

    I. Vernonieae

         J. Liabeae

     K. Cynareae

     L. Mutisieae

II. Cichorioideae

    A. Lactuceae



      THORNE, 1983


Asteraceae (Compositae)

     1. Genera: 1164

     2. Species: 21300


I. Cichorioideae (Lactucoideae)

     1. Genera: 339

     2. Species: 7775

     A. Mutisieae

     1. Genera: 89

     2. Species: 975

B. Vernonieae (including Trichospira)

     1. Genera: 70

     2. Species: 1455

       C. Liabeae

     1. Genera: 15

     2. Species: 185

D. Cichorieae (Lactuceae)

     1. Genera: 70

     2. Species: 2300

E. Cardueae (Cynareae; including Carlinae, Echinopeae, Echinopsideae, Eremothamneae, Gunelieae)

     1. Genera: 79

     2. Species: 2660

F. Arctotideae (excluding Ursinia)

     1. Genera: 16

     2. Species: 200

II. Asteroideae

     1. Genera: 825

     2. Species: 13510

A. Heliantheae (including Arnica, Bahiinae, Gaillardiinae)

     1. Genera: 209

     2. Species: 2165

      B. Tageteae

     1. Genera: 17

     2. Species: 237

C. Eupatorieae

     1. Genera: 60

     2. Species: 2000

      D. Astereae

     1. Genera: 135

     2. Species: 2500

         E. Inuleae

     1. Genera: 180

     2. Species: 2100

F. Anthemideae (including Ursiniinae)

     1. Genera: 102

     2. Species: 1400

G. Senecioneae (including Blennospermatinae)

     1. Genera: 114

     2. Species: 3000

H. Calenduleae

     1. Genera: 8

     2. Species: 110



     BREMER, 1994


I. Barnedesioideae

              A. Barnedesieae

II. Cichorioideae

     A. Mutisieae

     B. Cardueae

    C. Lactuceae

  D. Vernonieae

        E. Liabeae

     F. Arctoteae

III. Asteroideae

         A. Inuleae

    B. Plucheeae

C. Gnaphalieae

D. Calenduleae

      E. Astereae

F. Anthemideae

G. Senecioneae

     H. Helenieae

   I. Heliantheae

   J. Eupatorieae



JANSEN & KIM, 1996


I. Barnedesioideae

              A. Barnedesieae

II. Subfamilial classification uncertain

     A. Mutisieae

B. Cardueae (includes the Carlineae & Echinopeae)

              C. Tarchonantheae

III. Cichorioideae

  A. Vernonieae

        B. Liabeae

    C. Lactuceae

D. Arctoteae (includes the Eremothamneae)

IV. Asteroideae

      A. Astereae

              B. Anthemideae (includes the Ursinieae)

C. Inuleae (includes the Plucheeae)

D. Gnaphalieae

E. Calenduleae

F. Senecioneae

     G. Helenieae

      H. Tageteae

               I. Coreopsideae

J. Heliantheae (includes the Athroisma group)

K. Eupatorieae






I. Barnedesioideae

              A. Barnedesieae

II. AThe Stiftia Group@

A. Mutisieae (South America, Asia)

III. Mutisioideae

A. Mutisieae (South America)

IV. Gochnatioideae

A. Gochnatieae

V. Hecastocleidoideae

              A. Hecastocleideae

VI. Carduoideae

  A. Dichomeae

              B. Tarchonantheae

     C. Cardueae

VII. Pertyoideae

      A. Pertyeae

VIII. Gymnarrhenoideae

              A. Gymnarrheneae

IX. Cichorioideae

   A. Gundelieae

B. Cichorieae (Lactuceae)

       C. Liabeae

  D. Vernonieae

     E. Arctoteae

X. Corymbioideae

A. Corymbieae

XI. Asteroideae

A. Senecioneae

B. Calenduleae

C. Gnaphalieae

      D. Astereae

E. Anthemideae

         F. Inuleae

    G. Plucheeae

H. Athroismeae

      I. Helenieae

               J. Coreopsideae

              K. Neurolaeneae

      L. Tageteae

             M. Chaenactideae

       N. Bahieae

  O. Polymnieae

     P. Millerieae

Q. Eupatorieae

     R. Perityleae

       S. Madieae

            T. Heliantheae
Botany News/Events
Book We Recommend
Historical Botanists
Other Links
Botanical Club of Wisconsin (off site)
UW-Stevens Point Biology Dept.
Plants of Wisconsin
Vascular Plants
Natural Communities
Botany News/Events
Other Links
Lichens (off site)   
Tom Volk's Fungi (off site)
Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
                          Vascular Plants
Browse by Identification Guides
Family Wildflowers
Genus Trees
Common Names Shrubs
Search by Vines
Names Aquatic-Semi aquatic
Specimens Ferns - Fern Allies
Blooming Times Grasses, Sedges, or Rushes
County & Status Other Resources  
Town Range Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
  WI Checklist & CofC Values
Browse by:
Common Name
Search by:
Copyright 2012 Permissions Contact Us Web Map