Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


WISCONSIN ASTERACEAE

 

CLASSIFICATIONS OF SUBFAMILIES AND TRIBES OF ASTERACEAE

 

 CRONQUIST, 1955 (modified: Heywood et al., 1977)

 

I. Asteroideae

A. Heliantheae (sensu lato)

     1. Heliantheae

     2. Tageteae

     3. Helenieae (accepted for reasons of expedience)

      B. Astereae

              C. Anthemideae

    D. Arctoteae

         E. Inuleae

F. Senecioneae

G. Calenduleae

H. Eupatorieae

    I. Vernonieae

         J. Liabeae

     K. Cynareae

     L. Mutisieae

II. Cichorioideae

    A. Lactuceae

 

 

      THORNE, 1983

 

Asteraceae (Compositae)

     1. Genera: 1164

     2. Species: 21300

 

I. Cichorioideae (Lactucoideae)

     1. Genera: 339

     2. Species: 7775

     A. Mutisieae

     1. Genera: 89

     2. Species: 975

B. Vernonieae (including Trichospira)

     1. Genera: 70

     2. Species: 1455

       C. Liabeae

     1. Genera: 15

     2. Species: 185

D. Cichorieae (Lactuceae)

     1. Genera: 70

     2. Species: 2300

E. Cardueae (Cynareae; including Carlinae, Echinopeae, Echinopsideae, Eremothamneae, Gunelieae)

     1. Genera: 79

     2. Species: 2660

F. Arctotideae (excluding Ursinia)

     1. Genera: 16

     2. Species: 200

II. Asteroideae

     1. Genera: 825

     2. Species: 13510

A. Heliantheae (including Arnica, Bahiinae, Gaillardiinae)

     1. Genera: 209

     2. Species: 2165

      B. Tageteae

     1. Genera: 17

     2. Species: 237

C. Eupatorieae

     1. Genera: 60

     2. Species: 2000

      D. Astereae

     1. Genera: 135

     2. Species: 2500

         E. Inuleae

     1. Genera: 180

     2. Species: 2100

F. Anthemideae (including Ursiniinae)

     1. Genera: 102

     2. Species: 1400

G. Senecioneae (including Blennospermatinae)

     1. Genera: 114

     2. Species: 3000

H. Calenduleae

     1. Genera: 8

     2. Species: 110

 

 

     BREMER, 1994

 

I. Barnedesioideae

              A. Barnedesieae

II. Cichorioideae

     A. Mutisieae

     B. Cardueae

    C. Lactuceae

  D. Vernonieae

        E. Liabeae

     F. Arctoteae

III. Asteroideae

         A. Inuleae

    B. Plucheeae

C. Gnaphalieae

D. Calenduleae

      E. Astereae

F. Anthemideae

G. Senecioneae

     H. Helenieae

   I. Heliantheae

   J. Eupatorieae


 

 

JANSEN & KIM, 1996

 

I. Barnedesioideae

              A. Barnedesieae

II. Subfamilial classification uncertain

     A. Mutisieae

B. Cardueae (includes the Carlineae & Echinopeae)

              C. Tarchonantheae

III. Cichorioideae

  A. Vernonieae

        B. Liabeae

    C. Lactuceae

D. Arctoteae (includes the Eremothamneae)

IV. Asteroideae

      A. Astereae

              B. Anthemideae (includes the Ursinieae)

C. Inuleae (includes the Plucheeae)

D. Gnaphalieae

E. Calenduleae

F. Senecioneae

     G. Helenieae

      H. Tageteae

               I. Coreopsideae

J. Heliantheae (includes the Athroisma group)

K. Eupatorieae

 

 


 

PANERO & FUNK, 2002

 

I. Barnedesioideae

              A. Barnedesieae

II. AThe Stiftia Group@

A. Mutisieae (South America, Asia)

III. Mutisioideae

A. Mutisieae (South America)

IV. Gochnatioideae

A. Gochnatieae

V. Hecastocleidoideae

              A. Hecastocleideae

VI. Carduoideae

  A. Dichomeae

              B. Tarchonantheae

     C. Cardueae

VII. Pertyoideae

      A. Pertyeae

VIII. Gymnarrhenoideae

              A. Gymnarrheneae

IX. Cichorioideae

   A. Gundelieae

B. Cichorieae (Lactuceae)

       C. Liabeae

  D. Vernonieae

     E. Arctoteae

X. Corymbioideae

A. Corymbieae

XI. Asteroideae

A. Senecioneae

B. Calenduleae

C. Gnaphalieae

      D. Astereae

E. Anthemideae

         F. Inuleae

    G. Plucheeae

H. Athroismeae

      I. Helenieae

               J. Coreopsideae

              K. Neurolaeneae

      L. Tageteae

             M. Chaenactideae

       N. Bahieae

  O. Polymnieae

     P. Millerieae

Q. Eupatorieae

     R. Perityleae

       S. Madieae

            T. Heliantheae
         
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