Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


WISCONSIN ASTERACEAE

CHECKLIST OF SPECIES

OF ASTERACEAE IN WISCONSIN

ARRANGED BY TRIBE AND GENUS

 

Genera are arranged alphabetically within tribes.

Taxa enclosed in square brackets are not included in the flora of Wisconsin.

 

 

Tribe 1.  CARDUEAE (CYNAREAE) - thistle tribe

 

ACROPTILON  [CENTAUREA key]

A. (Centaurea) repens - Russian knapweed

 

ARCTIUM - burdock

A. Lappa - great burdock

A. minus - common burdock

A. tomentosum - hairy burdock, cotton burdock

 

CARDUUS - plumeless thistle

C. acanthoides - plumeless thistle

C. nutans - nodding thistle

 

CENTAUREA - star-thistle, batchelor's button

C. (Cnicus) benedicta - blessed thistle

C. Cyanus - bachelor's-button, cornflower

[C. diffusa - white knapweed.  Extremely rare adventive.]

C. Jacea - brown knapweed

C. nigra - black knapweed

C. nigrescens - short-fringed knapweed

C. macrocephala - big-head knapweed

C. melitensis - Maltese star-thistle

C. HMonctonii (C. Debauxii) - meadow knapweed

C. montana - mountain bluet

C. Scabiosa - hard-heads

C. solstitialis - yellow star-thistle, St. Barnaby's thistle

C. Stoebe subsp. micranthos (C. maculosa, C. Biebersteinii) - spotted knapweed

 

CIRSIUM - thistle

C. altissimum - wood thistle

C. arvense - Canada thistle

C. discolor - prairie thistle

C. Flodmanii - Flodman's thistle

C. muticum - swamp thistle

C. palustre - European swamp thistle

C. Pitcheri - dune thistle

C. pumilum var. Hillii (C. Hillii) - Hill's thistle

C. undulatum - wavy-leaved thistle

C. vulgare - bull thistle

 

ECHINOPS - globe-thistle

E. sphaerocephalus - great globe-thistle

 

ONOPORDUM - cotton or Scotch thistle

O. Acanthium - Scotch thistle

 

PLECTOCEPHALUS  [CENTAUREA key]

P. (Centaurea) americanus - basketflower

 

 

Tribe 2.  CICHORIEAE (LACTUCEAE) - chicory (lettuce) tribe

 

CICHORIUM - chicory

C. Intybus - chicory, blue sailors

 

CREPIS - hawk's-beard

C. capillaris - smooth hawk's-beard

[C. foetida - stinking hawk's-beard.  Very rare waif.]

C. setosa - bristly hawk's-beard

C. tectorum - narrow-leaved hawk's-beard

 

HIERACIUM - hawkweed

H. aurantiacum - orange hawkweed, devil's paintbrush

H. caespitosum (H. pratense) - yellow king-devil

H. Lachenallii (H. vulgatum) - European hawkweed

H. longipilum - long-haired or prairie hawkweed

[H. murorum - wall hawkweed.  Not noted for WI & MN in FNA (2006).]

H. Pilosella - mouse-ear hawkweed

H. piloselloides (H. florentinum) - glaucous king-devil

H. scabrum - sticky hawkweed

H. umbellatum (H. Kalmii, H. scabriusculum) - northern hawkweed

 

HYPOCHAERIS - cat's-ear

H. radicata - spotted cat's-ear

 

KRIGIA - dwarf-dandelion

K. biflora - orange dwarf-dandelion

K. virginica - Virginia dwarf-dandelion

 

LACTUCA - lettuce

L. biennis - woodland or tall blue lettuce

L. canadensis - tall wild lettuce

L. floridana - woodland or blue lettuce

L. ludoviciana - prairie lettuce

L. serriola - prickly lettuce

 

LAPSANA - nipplewort

L. communis - nipplewort

 

LEONTODON - hawkbit

L. autumnalis - fall-dandelion

L. taraxicoides subsp. saxatilis (L. taraxicoides) - little hawk's-bit

 

MULGEDIUM  [LACTUCA key]

M. (Lactuca) pulchellum (L. tatarica subsp. pulchella) - showy blue lettuce


 

NOTHOCALAIS

N. (Microseris) cuspidata - prairie or false dandelion

 

PRENANTHES - white-lettuce

P. alba - white-lettuce, rattlesnake root, lion's foot

P. aspera - rough white-lettuce

P. crepidinea - Midwestern white-lettuce

P. racemosa - glaucous white-lettuce

 

SONCHUS - sow-thistle

S. arvensis

subsp. arvensis - perennial sow-thistle

subsp. uliginosus (var. glabrescens) - marsh sow-thistle

S. asper - prickly sow-thistle

S. oleraceus - common sow-thistle

 

TARAXACUM - dandelion

T. erythrospermum (T. laevigatum) - red-seeded dandelion

T. officinale - common dandelion

 

TRAGOPOGON - goat's-beard

T. dubius - fistulose goat's-beard

T. porrifolius - salsify, vegetable-oyster

T. pratensis - showy goat's-beard

 

 

Tribe 3.  VERNONIEAE - ironweed tribe

 

VERNONIA - ironweed

V. fasciculata - smooth ironweed

 

 

Tribe 4.  INULEAE - elecampane tribe

 

INULA

I. Helenium - elecampane

 

 

Tribe 5.  GNAPHALIEAE - pussy's-toes tribe

 

ANTENNARIA - pussy's-toes, everlasting, ladies'-tobacco

A. Howellii

subsp. canadensis

subsp. neodioica

subsp. petaloidea

A. neglecta

A. Parlinii - Parlin's pussy's-toes

subsp. fallax (A. munda)

subsp. Parlinii

A. plantaginifolia - plantain-leaved pussy's-toes

 

ANAPHALIS - everlasting

A. margaritacea - pearly everlasting

 

GNAPHALIUM - marsh cudweed

G. (Fillaginella) uliginosum - marsh cudweed

 

PSEUDOGNAPHALIUM - cudweed, everlasting

Ps. (Gnaphalium) Macounii - western or clammy cudweed

Ps. microdenium (Gnaphalium Helleri var. microdenium) - delicate cudweed

Ps. (Gnaphalium) obtusifolium - fragrant cudweed

Ps. (Gnaphalium) saxicola - cliff cudweed

 

OMALOTHECA - Arctic-cudweed

O. (Gnaphalium) sylvatica - woodland Arctic-cudweed

 

 

Tribe 6.  ASTEREAE - aster tribe

 

BELLIS

B. perennis - English daisy

 

BOLTONIA

B. asteroides var. recognita - false aster

 

[CALLISTEPHUS]

[Callistephus chinensis - China aster.  Garden escape; not in FNA (2006).]

 

CONYZA

C. canadensis - horse-weed

C. ramosissima - dwarf fleabane

 

DOELLINGERIA - aster  ["ASTER" key]

D. umbellata

var. umbellata - tall flat-topped white aster

var. pubens (Aster pubentior) - northwestern flat-topped white aster

 

EURYBIA - aster  ["ASTER" key]

E. furcata - midwestern white heart-leaved aster

E .macrophylla - big-leaved aster

 

ERIGERON - fleabane

E. annuus - annual fleabane

E. glabellus - stream-side fleabane

E. pulchellus var. pulchellus - Robin's plantain

E. philadelphicus - common fleabane

E. strigosus vars. septentrionalis & strigosus - prairie or daisy fleabane

 

EUTHAMIA - flat-topped goldenrod

E. caroliniana (E. tenuifolia) - coastal plain flat-topped goldenrod

E. graminifolia - grass-leaved or common flat-topped goldenrod

E. gymnospermoides - Great Plains flat‑topped goldenrod

 

GRINDELIA - gumweed

G. lanceolata - spiny-tooth gumweed

G. squarrosa - curly-cup gumweed

 

HETEROTHECA (CHRYSOPSIS) - golden aster

H. villosa - hairy golden aster

var. Ballardii

var. minor

var. villosa

 

IONACTIS - aster  ["ASTER" key]

I. linariifolia - flax-leaved aster

 

SOLIDAGO - goldenrod

S. altissima - Canada goldenrod

S. bicolor - white goldenrod

S. caesia - axillary or blue-stemmed goldenrod

S. canadensis - Canada goldenrod

var. canadensis

var. Hargeri

S. flexicaulis - broad-leaved or zigzag goldenrod

S. gigantea - smooth goldenrod

S. hispida - hairy goldenrod

S. juncea - early goldenrod

S. nemoralis - gray or old-field goldenrod

var. nemoralis

var. decemflora

S. missouriensis - Missouri goldenrod

S. mollis - velvety goldenrod

S. ohioensis - Ohio goldenrod

S. patula var. patula - rough-leaved or swamp goldenrod

S. (Aster) ptarmicoides (S. asteroides) - upland white aster or goldenrod

S. Riddellii - Riddell's goldenrod

S. rigida subsp. rigida & humilis - stiff goldenrod

S. rugosa - wrinkle-leaved goldenrod

S. sciaphila - cliff goldenrod

S. simplex [subsp. Randii] var. Gillmanii - dune goldenrod

S. speciosa - showy goldenrod

var. speciosa

var. rigidiuscula

S. uliginosa - northern bog goldenrod

S. ulmifolia var. ulmifolia - elm-leaved goldenrod

 

SYMPHYOTRICHUM  ["ASTER" key]

S. boreale - rush or northern bog aster

S. ciliatum (Aster Brachyactis) - alkali rayless aster

S. ciliolatum - northern heart-leaved aster

S. cordifolium - common blue arrow-leaved aster

S. Drummondii - hairy arrow-leaved aster

S. dumosum complex ("var. strictior") - long-stalked aster

S. ericoides var. ericoides

S. falcatum var. commutatum - white prairie aster

S. firmum - shining aster

S. laeve - smooth blue aster

S. laeve var. laeve - smooth blue aster

S. lanceolatum

var. hesperium (S. hesperium) - western lined aster

var. hirsuticaule - panicled or eastern lined aster

var. interior - inland panicled aster

var. lanceolatum - panicled or eastern lined aster

var. latifolium - panicled or eastern lined aster

S. lateriflorum - starved, calico, white woodland or side-flowering aster

S. novae-angliae - New England aster

S. oblongifolium - aromatic aster

S. ontarionis  [sic] - bottomland or Ontario aster

S. oolentangiense (Aster azureus) - prairie heart-leaved aster

S. pilosum - awl aster

var. pilosum

var. Pringlei

S. praealtum - willow-leaved aster

S. prenanthoides - zigzag aster

S. puniceum - bristly or swamp aster

S. racemosum (S. fragilis) - brittle aster

S .Robynsianum (Aster longifolius) - long-leaved blue aster

S. Shortii - midwestern blue heart-leaved aster

S. sericeum - silky aster

S. urophyllum (Aster sagittifolius) - arrow-leaved aster

 

 

Tribe 7.  ANTHEMIDEAE - chamomile tribe

 

ACHILLEA - yarrow

A. Millefolium - common yarrow, milfoil

subsp. Millefolium

subsp. lanulosa

A. Ptarmica - sneezeweed

 

ANTHEMIS - chamomile, dog-fennel

A. arvensis - corn chamomile

A. Cotula - dog-fennel, stinking camomile

 

ARTEMISIA - wormwood

A. Abrotanum - southernwood

A. Absinthium - common wormwood, absinthe sage-wort

A. annua - annual wormwood or sage-wort

A. biennis - biennial wormwood or sage-wort.

A. campestris subsp. caudata - field wormwood or sage-wort, beach wormwood

A. Dracunculus - tarragon, estragon

A. frigida - prairie sage-wort

A. ludoviciana subsp. ludoviciana - white sage, western mugwort

A. pontica - Roman wormwood

A. serrata - saw-tooth wormwood

A. Stelleriana - beach wormwood, dusty miller

A. vulgaris - mugwort, common wormwood

 

COTA - marguerite

C. (Anthemis) tinctoria - golden marguerite, yellow chamomile

 

LEUCANTHEMELLA  [ACHRYSANTHEMUM" key]

L. (Chrysanthemum) serotina - giant daisy

 

LEUCANTHEMUM  [ACHRYSANTHEMUM" key]

L. vulgare (C. Leucanthemum) - common or ox-eye daisy

 

MATRICARIA - wild chamomile

M. discoidea (M. matricarioides) - pineapple-weed

M. Chamomilla (M. recutita) - sweet false camomile

 

TANACETUM - tansy   [ACHRYSANTHEMUM" key p.p.]

T. (Chrysanthemum) Balsamita (Balsamita major) - costmary, mint-geranium

T. bipinnatum subsp. huronense - eastern or Lake Huron tansy

T. (Chrysanthemum) Parthenium - feverfew

T. vulgare - common tansy, golden-buttons

 

TRIPLEUROSPERMUM - wild chamomile  [MATRICARIA key]

T. (Matricaria) maritimum - scentless camomile

 

 

Tribe 8.  SENECIONEAE - groundsel tribe

 

ARNOGLOSSUM - Indian-plantain

A. atriplicifolium - pale Indian-plantain

A. plantagineum - prairie or tuberous Indian-plantain

A. reniforme - great Indian‑plantain

 

ERECHTITES - fireweed

E. hieraciifolius - fireweed

 

HASTEOLA - Indian-plantain

H. suaveolens - sweet or hastate Indian-plantain

 

PACKERA - ragwort

P. aurea - golden ragwort

P. indecora - northern squaw-weed, rayless ragwort

P. paupercula - northern ragwort

"Northern tetraploid complex

var. paupercula

var. pseudotomentosa

var. savannarum

P. paupercula var. savannarum + P. plattensis?

P. plattensis - prairie ragwort

P. pseudaurea var. semicordata (P. semicordata) - heart-leaved ragwort

 

SENECIO - groundsel

 S. sylvaticus - woodland groundsel

 S. viscosus - sticky groundsel

 S. vulgaris - common groundsel

 

PETASITES - sweet-coltsfoot

P. frigidus var. palmatus - northern sweet-coltsfoot

P. sagittatus (P. frigidus var. sagittatus) - arrowhead sweet-coltsfoot

 

TEPHROSERIS

T. congestus - marsh-fleabane, northern swamp groundsel

 

TUSSILAGO - coltsfoot

T. Farfara - coltsfoot

 

 

Tribe 9.  HELENIEAE - sneezeweed tribe

 

HELENIUM - sneezeweed

H. amarum var. amarum - bitter-weed, narrow-leaved sneezeweed

H. autumnale L. - common sneezeweed

H. flexuosum - purple-head or southern sneezeweed

 

GAILLARDIA - blanket-flower

G. aristata - common blanket-flower

 

 

 

Tribe 10.  HELIANTHEAE (s.l.) - sunflower tribe

 

BIDENS - beggar-ticks, stick‑tight

B. aristosa - mid-western tickseed-sunflower

B. (Megalodonta) Beckii - water beggar-ticks or water-marigold

B. cernua - nodding beggar-ticks or bur-marigold

B. connata - purple-stem beggar-ticks or tickseed

B. discoidea - few-bracted or swamp beggar-ticks

B. frondosa - devil's or common beggar-ticks

[B. pilosa - Spanish needles.  Rare waif.  Not in FNA (2006).]

B. trichosperma (B. coronata) - northern tick-seed sunflower, tall swamp-marigold

B. tripartita (B. comosa) - straw-stem beggar-ticks, swamp-marigold

B. vulgata - tall beggar-ticks

 

COREOPSIS - coreopsis, tickseed

C. grandiflora - big- or large-flowered tickseed

C. lanceolata - long-stalk or sand tickseed

C. palmata - finger or prairie tickseed

C. tinctoria - plains or golden tickseed

 

COSMOS - cosmos

C. bipinnatus - common garden cosmos

 

DYSSODIA - fetid marigold

D. papposa - stinking or fetid marigold

 

ECHINACEA - coneflower

E. pallida - prairie or pale purple coneflower

E. purpurea - prairie or pale purple coneflower

 

ECLIPTA

E. prostrata (E. alba) - yerba‑de‑tajo

 

GALINSOGA - quickweed

G. parviflora - lesser quickweed

G. quadriradiata (G. ciliata) - common quickweed

 

[GUIZZOTIA]

[G. abyssinica - niger-seed.  Very rare waif, presumably from bird seed.]

 

HELIANTHUS - sunflower

H. annuus - common sunflower

H. decapetalus - forest or pale sunflower

H. divaricatus - woodland sunflower

H. giganteus - swamp or giant sunflower

H. grosseserratus - saw-tooth sunflower

H. hirsutus - hairy sunflower

H. Hlaetiflorus (H. pauciflorus H. tuberosus) - cheerful sunflower

H. Maximilianii - Maximillian's sunflower

H. mollis - ashy or downy sunflower

H. occidentalis var. occidentalis - naked-stemmed or western sunflower

H. pauciflorus (H. rigidus) - stiff sunflower

var. pauciflorus

var. subrhomboidius

H. petiolaris subsp. petiolaris - plains sunflower

[H. salicifolius - willow-leaved sunflower.  Very rare waif.]

H. strumosus - rough-leaved sunflower

H. tuberosus - Jerusalem-artichoke

 

HELIOPSIS - ox‑eye

H. helianthoides - false sunflower, ox‑eye

var. helianthoides

var. scabra

 

MADIA - tarweed

M. glomerata - mountain or stinking tarweed

 

PARTHENUIUM

P. integrifolium - wild‑quinine, eastern feverfew

 

POLYMNIA - leaf-cup

P. canadensis - pale-flowered leaf-cup

 

RATIBIDA - prairie coneflower

R. columnifera - columnar or long-headed coneflower

R. pinnata - globular or yellow coneflower

 

RUDBECKIA - black‑eyed susan, coneflower

R. fulgida var. speciosa - showy coneflower

R. hirta var. pulcherrima - black-eyed Susan

R. laciniata var. laciniata - cutleaf coneflower, wild golden glow

R. triloba - brown-eyed Susan

R. subtomentosa - sweet coneflower or black-eyed Susan

 

SILPHIUM - rosinweed

S. integrifolium var. integrifolium - prairie rosin-weed

S. laciniatum - compass-plant

S. perfoliatum var. perfoliatum - cup-plant

S. terebinthinaceum var. terebinthinaceum - prairie-dock

 

TAGETES - marigold

T. patula - French marigold


 

VERBESINA

V. alternifolia - wing-stem

 

 

Tribe 10a.  HELIANTHEAE (s.l.) subtribe  AMBROSIINAE

 

AMBROSIA - ragweed

A. artemisiifolia - common ragweed

A. psilostachya - western or perennial ragweed

A. tomentosa (Franseria discolor) - skeleton-leaf bur-sage

A. trifida - giant ragweed

 

IVA - marsh‑elder

I. annua - rough marsh-elder

I. axillaris - poverty-weed

I. (Cyclachaena) xanthifolia - big marsh-elder

 

XANTHIUM - cocklebur

X. spinosum - spiny cocklebur

X. strumarium - common cocklebur

 

 

Tribe 10b.  HELIANTHEAE (s.l.) subtribe EUPATORIINAE - boneset subtribe

 

AGERATINA

A. altissima var. altissima (E. rugosum) - white snakeroot

 

BRICKELLIA

B. (Kuhnia) eupatorioides var. corymbulosa - false boneset

 

EUPATORIUM - throughwort

E. altissimum - tall boneset

E. perfoliatum - common boneset, thoroughwort

forma truncatum

E. serotinum - late boneset

E. sessilifolium - upland or woodland boneset

 

EUTROCHIUM - Joe-Pye-weed

E. maculatum - spotted joe-pye-weed

E. purpureum - purple-node or green-stemmed joy-pye-weed

 

LIATRIS - blazing-star, gay-feather

L. aspera - lacerate or rough blazing-star

L. cylindracea - few-headed or cylindrical blazing-star

L. ligulistylis - northern plains or showy blazing-star

L. punctata var. punctata (var. nebraskana) - dotted blazing-star

L. pycnostachya - prairie or thick-spike blazing-star

L. spicata - sessile or marsh blazing-star


         
  Home
Faculty
Botany News/Events
Projects
Book We Recommend
Historical Botanists
Other Links
Botanical Club of Wisconsin (off site)
UW-Stevens Point Biology Dept.
 
Plants of Wisconsin
Vascular Plants
Bryophytes
Ethnobotany
Natural Communities
Botany News/Events
Other Links
Lichens (off site)   
Tom Volk's Fungi (off site)
Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
                          Vascular Plants
Browse by Identification Guides
Family Wildflowers
Genus Trees
Common Names Shrubs
Search by Vines
Names Aquatic-Semi aquatic
Specimens Ferns - Fern Allies
Blooming Times Grasses, Sedges, or Rushes
County & Status Other Resources  
Town Range Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
  WI Checklist & CofC Values
Bryophytes
Browse by:
Common Name
Genus
Search by:
County
 Name
Copyright 2012 Permissions Contact Us Web Map