Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium


WISCONSIN ASTERACEAE

 

ALPHABETICAL INDEX

OF ASTERACEAE IN WISCONSIN

 

Genera are arranged alphabetically within tribes in the keys.

Taxa in square brackets are not naturalized in Wisconsin and are not included in the keys.

 

ACHILLEA - yarrow .......  7. Anthemideae

A. Millefolium - common yarrow, milfoil

subsp. Millefolium

subsp. lanulosa

A. Ptarmica - sneezeweed

 

ACROPTILON  [CENTAUREA key] .......  1. Cardueae

A. (Centaurea) repens - Russian knapweed

 

AGERATINA  10b. Heliantheae: Eupatoriinae

A. altissima var. altissima (Eupatorium rugosum) - white snakeroot

 

AMBROSIA - ragweed .  10a. Heliantheae: Ambrosiinae

A. artemisiifolia - common ragweed

A. psilostachya - western or perennial ragweed

A. tomentosa (Franseria discolor) - skeleton-leaf bur-sage

A. trifida - giant ragweed

 

ANAPHALIS - everlasting  5. Gnaphalieae

A. margaritacea - pearly everlasting

 

ANTENNARIA - pussy's-toes, everlasting, ladies'-tobacco  5. Gnaphalieae

A. Howellii

subsp. canadensis

subsp. neodioica

subsp. petaloidea

A. neglecta

A. Parlinii - Parlin's pussy's-toes

subsp. fallax (A. munda)

subsp. Parlinii

A. plantaginifolia - plantain-leaved pussy's-toes

 

ANTHEMIS - chamomile, dog-fennel ..  7. Anthemideae

A. arvensis - corn chamomile

A. Cotula - dog-fennel, stinking camomile

 

ARCTIUM - burdock .....  1. Cardueae

A. Lappa - great burdock

A. minus - common burdock

A. tomentosum - hairy burdock, cotton burdock

 

ARNOGLOSSUM - Indian-plantain ......  8. Senecioneae

A. atriplicifolium - pale Indian-plantain

A. plantagineum - prairie or tuberous Indian-plantain

A. reniforme (A. Muehlenbergii) - great Indian‑plantain

 

ARTEMISIA - wormwood  7. Anthemideae

A. Abrotanum - southernwood

A. Absinthium - common wormwood, absinthe sage-wort

A. annua - annual wormwood or sage-wort

A. biennis - biennial wormwood or sage-wort.

A. campestris subsp. caudata - field wormwood or sage-wort, beach wormwood

A. Dracunculus - tarragon, estragon

A. frigida - prairie sage-wort

A. ludoviciana subsp. ludoviciana - white sage, western mugwort

A. pontica - Roman wormwood

A. serrata - saw-tooth wormwood

A. Stelleriana - beach wormwood, dusty miller

A. vulgaris - mugwort, common wormwood

 

ASTER" - aster  [See following genera.] ......  6. Astereae

DOELLINGERIA

EURYBIA

IONACTIS

SOLIDAGO ("Aster ptarmicoides - upland white aster or goldenrod")

SYMPHYOTRICHUM

 

BELLIS .....  6. Astereae

B. perennis - English daisy

 

BIDENS - beggar-ticks, stick‑tight .  10. Heliantheae

B. aristosa - mid-western tickseed-sunflower

B. (Megalodonta) Beckii - water beggar-ticks or water-marigold

B. cernua - nodding beggar-ticks or bur-marigold

B. connata - purple-stem beggar-ticks or tickseed

B. discoidea - few-bracted or swamp beggar-ticks

B. frondosa - devil's or common beggar-ticks

[B. pilosa - Spanish needles.  Rare waif.  Not in FNA (2006).]

B. trichosperma (B. coronata) - northern tick-seed sunflower, tall swamp-marigold

B. tripartita (B. comosa) - straw-stem beggar-ticks, swamp-marigold

B. vulgata - tall beggar-ticks

 

BOLTONIA ..  6. Astereae

B. asteroides var. recognita - false aster

 

BRICKELLIA ...............  10b. Heliantheae: Eupatoriinae

B. (Kuhnia) eupatorioides var. corymbulosa - false boneset

 

[CALLISTEPHUS] .........  6. Astereae

[C. chinensis - China aster.  Garden escape; not in FNA (2006).]

 

CARDUUS - plumeless thistle ...  1. Cardueae

C. acanthoides - plumeless thistle

C. nutans - nodding thistle

 

 

CENTAUREA - star-thistle, batchelor's button ........  1. Cardueae

"C. americana - basketflower" .  PLECTOCEPHALUS

C. (Cnicus) benedicta - blessed thistle

C. Cyanus - bachelor's-button, cornflower

[C. diffusa - white knapweed.  Extremely rare adventive.]

C. Jacea - brown knapweed

C. nigra - black knapweed

C. nigrescens - short-fringed knapweed

C. macrocephala - big-head knapweed

C. melitensis - Maltese star-thistle

C. HMonctonii (C. Debauxii) - meadow knapweed

C. montana - mountain bluet

"C. repens - Russian knapweed" .....  ACROPTILON

C. Scabiosa - hard-heads

C. solstitialis - yellow star-thistle, St. Barnaby's thistle

C. Stoebe subsp. micranthos (C. maculosa, C. Biebersteinii) - spotted knapweed

 

"CHRYSANTHEMUM" ..  7. Anthemideae

"Chrysanthemum Balsamita - costmary, mint-geranium" .......  TANACETUM

"C. Leucanthemum - common or ox-eye daisy"  LEUCANTHEMUM

"Chrysanthemum Parthenium - feverfew" .......  TANACETUM

"C. serotinum - giant daisy" .....  LEUCANTHEMELLA

 

CICHORIUM - chicory ....  2. Cichorieae

C. Intybus - chicory, blue sailors

 

CIRSIUM - thistle .........  1. Cardueae

C. altissimum - wood thistle

C. arvense - Canada thistle

C. discolor - prairie thistle

C. Flodmanii - Flodman's thistle

C. muticum - swamp thistle

C. palustre - European swamp thistle

C. Pitcheri - dune thistle

C. pumilum var. Hillii (C. Hillii) - Hill's thistle

C. undulatum - wavy-leaved thistle

C. vulgare - bull thistle

 

CONYZA .  6. Astereae

C. canadensis - horse-weed

C. ramosissima - dwarf fleabane

 

COREOPSIS - coreopsis, tickseed ...  10. Heliantheae

C. grandiflora - big- or large-flowered tickseed

C. lanceolata - long-stalk or sand tickseed

C. palmata - finger or prairie tickseed

C. tinctoria - plains or golden tickseed

 

COSMOS - cosmos ....  10. Heliantheae

C. bipinnatus - common garden cosmos

 

COTA - marguerite ..  7. Anthemideae

C. (Anthemis) tinctoria - golden marguerite, yellow chamomile

 

CREPIS - hawk's-beard .  2. Cichorieae

C. capillaris - smooth hawk's-beard

[C. foetida - stinking hawk's-beard.  Very rare waif.]

C. setosa - bristly hawk's-beard

C. tectorum - narrow-leaved hawk's-beard

 

"CYCLACHAENA" .....  10a. Heliantheae: Ambrosiinae

"C. xanthifolia - big marsh-elder" .....  IVA

 

DOELLINGERIA - aster  ["ASTER" key]  ....  6. Astereae

D. umbellata

var. umbellata - tall flat-topped white aster

var. pubens (Aster pubentior) - northwestern flat-topped white aster

 

DYSSODIA - fetid marigold .  10. Heliantheae

D. papposa - stinking or fetid marigold

 

ECHINACEA - coneflower ..  10. Heliantheae

E. pallida - prairie or pale purple coneflower

E. purpurea - eastern purple coneflower

 

ECHINOPS - globe-thistle  1. Cardueae

E. sphaerocephalus - great globe-thistle

 

ECLIPTA  10. Heliantheae

E. prostrata (E. alba) - yerba‑de‑tajo

 

ERECHTITES - fireweed ..  8. Senecioneae

E. hieraciifolius - fireweed

 

ERIGERON - fleabane .....  6. Astereae

E. annuus - annual fleabane

E. glabellus - stream-side fleabane

E. pulchellus var. pulchellus - Robin's plantain

E. philadelphicus - common fleabane

E. strigosus vars. septentrionalis & strigosus - prairie or daisy fleabane

 

EUPATORIUM - throughwort ....  10b. Heliantheae: Eupatoriinae

E. altissimum - tall boneset

E. perfoliatum - common boneset, thoroughwort

forma truncatum

E. serotinum - late boneset

E. sessilifolium - upland or woodland boneset

 

EURYBIA - aster  ["ASTER" key]  ....  6. Astereae

E. furcata - midwestern white heart-leaved aster

E. macrophylla - big-leaved aster

 


 

EUTHAMIA - flat-topped goldenrod ...  6. Astereae

E. caroliniana (E. tenuifolia) - coastal plain flat-topped goldenrod

E. graminifolia - grass-leaved or common flat-topped goldenrod

E. gymnospermoides - Great Plains flat‑topped goldenrod

 

EUTROCHIUM - Joe-Pye-weed ......  10b. Heliantheae: Eupatoriinae

E. maculatum - spotted joe-pye-weed

E. purpureum - purple-node or green-stemmed joy-pye-weed

 

GAILLARDIA - blanket-flower ........  9. Helenieae

G. aristata - common blanket-flower

 

GALINSOGA - quickweed ..  10. Heliantheae

G. parviflora - lesser quickweed

G. quadriradiata (G. ciliata) - common quickweed

 

GNAPHALIUM - marsh cudweed ....  5. Gnaphalieae

"Gn. Helleri var. microdenium) - delicate cudweed"  PSEUDOGNAPHALIUM

"Gn. Macounii - western or clammy cudweed" .......  PSEUDOGNAPHALIUM

"Gn. obtusifolium - fragrant cudweed" .......  PSEUDOGNAPHALIUM

"Gn. saxicola - cliff cudweed" .......  PSEUDOGNAPHALIUM

"Gn. sylvaticum - woodland Arctic-cudweed" .......  OMALOTHECA

Gn. (Fillaginella) uliginosum - marsh cudweed

 

GRINDELIA - gumweed ...  6. Astereae

G. lanceolata - spiny-tooth gumweed

G. squarrosa - curly-cup gumweed

 

[GUIZZOTIA] .................  10. Heliantheae

[G. abyssinica - niger-seed.  Very rare waif, presumably from bird seed.]

 

HASTEOLA - Indian-plantain  8. Senecioneae

H. suaveolens - sweet or hastate Indian-plantain

 

HELENIUM - sneezeweed  9. Helenieae

H. amarum var. amarum - bitter-weed, narrow-leaved sneezeweed

H. autumnale L. - common sneezeweed

H. flexuosum - purple-head or southern sneezeweed

 

HELIANTHUS - sunflower .  10. Heliantheae

H. annuus - common sunflower

H. decapetalus - forest or pale sunflower

H. divaricatus - woodland sunflower

H. giganteus - swamp or giant sunflower

H. grosseserratus - saw-tooth sunflower

H. hirsutus - hairy sunflower

H. Hlaetiflorus (H. pauciflorus H. tuberosus) - cheerful sunflower

H. Maximilianii - Maximillian's sunflower

H. mollis - ashy or downy sunflower

H. occidentalis var. occidentalis - naked-stemmed or western sunflower

H. pauciflorus (H. rigidus) - stiff sunflower

var. pauciflorus

var. subrhomboidius

H. petiolaris subsp. petiolaris - plains sunflower

[H. salicifolius - willow-leaved sunflower.  Very rare waif.]

H. strumosus - rough-leaved sunflower

H. tuberosus - Jerusalem-artichoke

 

HELIOPSIS - ox‑eye .....  10. Heliantheae

H. helianthoides - false sunflower, ox‑eye

var. helianthoides

var. scabra

 

HETEROTHECA (CHRYSOPSIS) - golden aster ...  6. Astereae

H. villosa - hairy golden aster

var. Ballardii

var. minor

var. villosa

 

HIERACIUM - hawkweed ..  2. Cichorieae

H. aurantiacum - orange hawkweed, devil's paintbrush

H. caespitosum (H. pratense) - yellow king-devil

H. Lachenallii (H. vulgatum) - European hawkweed

H. longipilum - long-haired or prairie hawkweed

[H. murorum - wall hawkweed.  Not noted for WI & MN in FNA (2006).]

H. Pilosella - mouse-ear hawkweed

H. piloselloides (H. florentinum) - glaucous king-devil

H. scabrum - sticky hawkweed

H. umbellatum (H. Kalmii, H. scabriusculum) - northern hawkweed

 

HYPOCHAERIS - cat's-ear .  2. Cichorieae

H. radicata - spotted cat's-ear

 

INULA ......  4. Inuleae

I. Helenium - elecampane

 

IONACTIS - aster  ["ASTER" key]  ....  6. Astereae

I. linariifolia - flax-leaved aster

 

IVA - marsh‑elder ....  10a. Heliantheae: Ambrosiinae

I. annua - rough marsh-elder

I. axillaris - poverty-weed

I. (Cyclachaena) xanthifolia - big marsh-elder

 

KRIGIA - dwarf-dandelion ...  2. Cichorieae

K. biflora - orange dwarf-dandelion

K. virginica - Virginia dwarf-dandelion

 

LACTUCA - lettuce ........  2. Cichorieae

L. biennis - woodland or tall blue lettuce

L. canadensis - tall wild lettuce

L. floridana - woodland or blue lettuce

L. ludoviciana - prairie lettuce

"Lactuca pulchella - showy blue lettuce" ...........  MULGEDIUM

L. serriola - prickly lettuce

 

LAPSANA - nipplewort ..  2. Cichorieae

L. communis - nipplewort

 

LEONTODON - hawkbit  2. Cichorieae

L. autumnalis - fall-dandelion

L. taraxicoides subsp. saxatilis (L. taraxicoides) - little hawk's-bit

 

LEUCANTHEMELLA .....  7. Anthemideae

L. (Chrysanthemum) serotina - giant daisy

 

LEUCANTHEMUM ........  7. Anthemideae

L. vulgare (Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum) - common or ox-eye daisy

 

LIATRIS - blazing-star, gay-feather .....  10b. Heliantheae: Eupatoriinae

L. aspera - lacerate or rough blazing-star

L. cylindracea - few-headed or cylindrical blazing-star

L. ligulistylis - northern plains or showy blazing-star

L. punctata var. punctata (var. nebraskana) - dotted blazing-star

L. pycnostachya - prairie or thick-spike blazing-star

L. spicata - sessile or marsh blazing-star

 

MADIA - tarweed ....  10. Heliantheae

M. glomerata - mountain or stinking tarweed

 

MATRICARIA - wild chamomile ..  7. Anthemideae

M. discoidea (M. matricarioides) - pineapple-weed

M. Chamomilla (M. recutita) - sweet false camomile

 

"MICROSERIS" ..............  2. Cichorieae

"M. cuspidata - prairie or false dandelion" ......  NOTHOCALAIS

 

MULGEDIUM  [LACTUCA key] ...........  2. Cichorieae

M. (Lactuca) pulchellum (L. tatarica subsp. pulchella - showy blue lettuce

 

NOTHOCALAIS ............  2. Cichorieae

N. (Microseris) cuspidata - prairie or false dandelion

 

OMALOTHECA - Arctic-cudweed

O. (Gnaphalium) sylvatica - woodland Arctic-cudweed

 

ONOPORDUM - cotton or Scotch thistle ..  1. Cardueae

O. Acanthium - Scotch thistle

 

PACKERA - ragwort ......  8. Senecioneae

P. aurea - golden ragwort

P. indecora - northern squaw-weed, rayless ragwort

P. paupercula - northern ragwort

"Northern tetraploid complex"

var. paupercula

var. pseudotomentosa

var. savannarum

P. paupercula var. savannarum + P. plattensis?

P. plattensis - prairie ragwort

P. pseudaurea var. semicordata ("P. semicordata") - heart-leaved ragwort

 

PARTHENIUM ............  10. Heliantheae

P. integrifolium - wild‑quinine, eastern feverfew

 

PETASITES - sweet-coltsfoot  8. Senecioneae

P. frigidus var. palmatus - northern sweet-coltsfoot

P. sagittatus (P. frigidus var. sagittatus) - arrowhead sweet-coltsfoot

 

PLECTOCEPHALUS  [CENTAUREA key] .......  1. Cardueae

P. (Centaurea) americanus - basketflower

 

POLYMNIA - leaf-cup ....  10. Heliantheae

P. canadensis - pale-flowered leaf-cup

 

PRENANTHES - white-lettuce ........  2. Cichorieae

P. alba - white-lettuce, rattlesnake root, lion's foot

P. aspera - rough white-lettuce

P. crepidinea - Midwestern white-lettuce

P. racemosa - glaucous white-lettuce

 

PSEUDOGNAPHALIUM - cudweed, everlasting ..  5. Gnaphalieae

Ps. (Gnaphalium) Macounii - western or clammy cudweed

Ps. microdenium (Gnaphalium Helleri var. microdenium) - delicate cudweed

Ps. (Gnaphalium) obtusifolium - fragrant cudweed

Ps. (Gnaphalium) saxicola - cliff cudweed

 

RATIBIDA - prairie coneflower  10. Heliantheae

R. columnifera - columnar or long-headed coneflower

R. pinnata - globular or yellow coneflower

 

RUDBECKIA - black‑eyed susan, coneflower  10. Heliantheae

R. fulgida var. speciosa - showy coneflower

R. hirta var. pulcherrima - black-eyed Susan

R. laciniata var. laciniata - cutleaf coneflower, wild golden glow

R. triloba - brown-eyed Susan

R. subtomentosa - sweet coneflower or black-eyed Susan

 

SENECIO - groundsel ...  8. Senecioneae

"S. congestus - northern swamp groundsel" ......  TEPHROSERIS

S. sylvaticus - woodland groundsel

S. viscosus - sticky groundsel

S. vulgaris - common groundsel

  

SILPHIUM - rosinweed prairie rosin-weed ........  10. Heliantheae

S. integrifolium var. integrifolium - prairie rosin-weed

S. laciniatum - compass-plant

S. perfoliatum var. perfoliatum - cup-plant

S. terebinthinaceum var. terebinthinaceum - prairie-dock

 

SOLIDAGO - goldenrod ...  6. Astereae

S. altissima - Canada goldenrod

S. bicolor - white goldenrod

S. caesia - axillary or blue-stemmed goldenrod

S. canadensis - Canada goldenrod

var. canadensis

var. Hargeri

S. flexicaulis - broad-leaved or zigzag goldenrod

S. gigantea - smooth goldenrod

S. hispida - hairy goldenrod

S. juncea - early goldenrod

S. nemoralis - gray or old-field goldenrod

var. nemoralis

var. decemflora

S. missouriensis - Missouri goldenrod

S. mollis - velvety goldenrod

S. ohioensis - Ohio goldenrod

S. patula var. patula - rough-leaved or swamp goldenrod

S. (Aster) ptarmicoides (S. asteroides) - upland white aster or goldenrod

S. Riddellii - Riddell's goldenrod

S. rigida - stiff goldenrod

subsp. humilis

subsp. rigida

S. rugosa - wrinkle-leaved goldenrod

S. sciaphila - cliff goldenrod

S. simplex [subsp. Randii] var. Gillmanii - dune goldenrod

S. speciosa - showy goldenrod

var. speciosa

var. rigidiuscula

S. uliginosa - northern bog goldenrod

S. ulmifolia var. ulmifolia - elm-leaved goldenrod

 

SONCHUS - sow-thistle ..  2. Cichorieae

S. arvensis

subsp. arvensis - perennial sow-thistle

subsp. uliginosus (var. glabrescens) - marsh sow-thistle

S. asper - prickly sow-thistle

S. oleraceus - common sow-thistle

 

SYMPHYOTRICHUM  ["ASTER" key]  ....  6. Astereae

S. boreale - rush or northern bog aster

S. ciliatum (Aster Brachyactis) - alkali rayless aster

S. ciliolatum - northern heart-leaved aster

S. cordifolium - common blue arrow-leaved aster

S. Drummondii - hairy arrow-leaved aster

S. dumosum complex ("var. strictior") - long-stalked aster

S. ericoides var. ericoides - white heath aster

S. falcatum var. commutatum - white prairie aster

S. firmum - shining aster

S. laeve var. laeve - smooth blue aster

S. lanceolatum

var. hesperium (S. hesperium) - western lined aster

var. hirsuticaule - panicled or eastern lined aster

var. interior - inland panicled aster

var. lanceolatum - panicled or eastern lined aster

var. latifolium - panicled or eastern lined aster

"var. simplex"  [No longer recognized.]

S. lateriflorum - starved, calico, white woodland or side-flowering aster

S. novae-angliae - New England aster

S. oblongifolium - aromatic aster

S. ontarionis [sic] - bottomland or Ontario aster

S. oolentangiense (Aster azureus) - prairie heart-leaved aster

S. pilosum - awl aster

var. pilosum

var. Pringlei

S. praealtum - willow-leaved aster

S. prenanthoides - zigzag aster

S. puniceum - bristly or swamp aster

S. racemosum (S. fragilis) - brittle aster

S .Robynsianum (Aster longifolius) - long-leaved blue aster

S. Shortii - midwestern blue heart-leaved aster

S. sericeum - silky aster

S. urophyllum (Aster sagittifolius) - arrow-leaved aster

 

TAGETES - marigold ...  10. Heliantheae

T. patula - French marigold

 

TANACETUM - tansy ...  7. Anthemideae

T. (Chrysanthemum) Balsamita - costmary, mint-geranium

T. bipinnatum subsp. huronense - eastern or Lake Huron tansy

T. (Chrysanthemum) Parthenium - feverfew

T. vulgare - common tansy, golden-buttons

 

TARAXACUM - dandelion  2. Cichorieae

T. erythrospermum (T. laevigatum) - red-seeded dandelion

T. officinale - common dandelion

 

TEPHROSERIS ................  8. Senecioneae

T. palustris (Senecio congestus) - marsh-fleabane, northern swamp groundsel

 

TRAGOPOGON - goat's-beard .........  2. Cichorieae

T. dubius - fistulose goat's-beard

T. porrifolius - salsify, vegetable-oyster

T. pratensis - showy goat's-beard

 

TRIPLEUROSPERMUM - wild chamomile  [MATRICARIA key] .......  7. Anthemideae

T. (Matricaria) maritimum - scentless camomile

 

TUSSILAGO - coltsfoot ..  8. Senecioneae

T. Farfara - coltsfoot

 

VERBESINA  10. Heliantheae

V. alternifolia - wing-stem

 

VERNONIA - ironweed ....  3. Vernonieae

V. fasciculata - smooth ironweed

 

XANTHIUM - cocklebur  10a. Heliantheae: Ambrosiinae

X. spinosum - spiny cocklebur

X. strumarium - common cocklebur

 

 


         
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